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9. Australia and New Zealand

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Anglický jazyk 9. Australia and New Zealand Australia is the smallest continent. It is the only continent which is a single country. It is located south of Asia between the Indian and Pacific oceans. Canberra is capital city of Australia but it isn’t the biggest city of state. Other big cities are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide. Cities are located around the coast. There are tropical regions in the north with heavy rain. The centre of the country is dry and hot and a great part of the surface is desert. Bushfires and droughts are a common feature in the Australian environment. The south has temperate climate with hot summers and cool winters. The colour on flag is royal blue on background with one five-pointed star and five seven-pointed stars. Seven-pointed stars represent states and one-pointed is for the territories. In the left corner there is a British flag because Australia used to be British colony. There are some crosses of British saint patrons. The head of the state is Queen Elizabeth II. represent by Governor General. The federal government is led by the prime minister. Country is member of the Commonwealth. The national currency is Australian dollar. Australia is divided in two territories: Northern territory and Australian capital territory and some states: Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales, Western and South Australia. Australians are very friendly, nice, and multi-cultural, so it means that they don’t care where you come from, what you do or if you are white or black. They like barbeques, surfing, relaxing, scuba diving, swimming and horseracing. The longest river is the Murray River. On the beach it can be dangerous because they have sharks, poisonous jelly fish and sea-snakes. Thanks to the climate and geographical isolation of the continent there are unique animals such as platypus, dingo, Tasmania devil, koala, kangaroo, wombat, wallaby, emu, echidna, lizards, venomous spiders and reptiles. In Australia we can find The Great Barrier Reef. It is the largest coral reef system, covering an area of 350.000 per square km. It is home of hundred types of coral and thousands kinds of fish, starfish, sea turtles and other forms of sea life. The most famous landform is Uluru in the centre of the country. You can climb it but in next year it will be banned because it is a sacred place for the Aborigines. The rock gradually changes colour at sunrise or at sunset. Australia’s Outback is the vast, very large, hot and remote area in the centre of the country. It is a land of red earth and desert. Environment itself is more dangerous than any scary creatures. There is no phone signal, no internet and no shade. If you don’t have enough water or if you leave your car, it can be very dangerous and you can also die. Famous singers are Kylie Minogue, Natalie Imbruglia, Sia Furler and Iggy Azalea. Would you like to go to Australia? – Absolutely. It must be a very interesting place. I think that people living there are more easy-going than in the CR. New Zealand is situated on south of Australia in the South Pacific Ocean. It consists of two large islands, North and South and few small islands. It is very remote place from Europe. The shape of Irelands is narrow and long. Approximately 4 million people live there. There live mainly Europeans, Maori people and Asian. Maori are origin inhabitants. They used to tattoo their faces. The Maori first settled in NZ in the 13th century, before that, there was no human settlement. There are two official language English and Maori language. The major religion is Christian. The capital city is Wellington. Wellington is the country’s political capital and the third largest city by population. The parliament of NZ is found here. Auckland is NZ’s largest city. It has about 1.4 million people, almost 30% of the country’s population. It is the economic centre of NZ. NZ is a part of the British Commonwealth. Head of the state is also Queen Elizabeth II. represent by the governor general. The head of government is the prime minister. Rugby is the most popular sport. New Zealand is one of the top rugby nations in the world. Cricket is a popular summer sport. New Zealand has many unique species because the islands have been isolated for millions of years. The most well-known are flightless birds such as the kiwi. This bird is the symbol of the country. The flag is very similar to the Australian flag with the British flag in left corner. The highest point is Mount Cook and it has more than 3 000 meters above sea level. The famous human is Russel Crow. The director Peter Jackson made films Lord of the Rings and Hobbit in New Zealand.

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