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10. The Czech Republic - cities

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10 . THE CZECH REPUBLIC – CITIES PRAGUE Prague isthecapital and thelargest city in the Czech Republicit’slocated incentral Bohemiait’simportantpolitical, culturalandeconomic centreofthe Czech RepublicHISTORY: Prague wastheimportant centre in the pasttoo duringthereinof Charles IV.itwasthecapitalofHoly Roman Empire and duringthereinof Rudolf II. itwasthe centretheHabsburg monarchy PLACES OF INTEREST: CHARLES UNIVERSITY isoneoftheoldiestuniversities in Europe itwasfounded in 1348 by Charles IV. PRAGUE CASTLE istheseatofthe Czech president thereisalsoanimportantcathedralcalled St. VitusCathedral CHARLES BRIDGE isa largebridgeoverthe Vltava river itwasfounded in 1357 by Charles IV. and it’sdecoratedwithbaroquestatues WENCESLAS SQUARE istraditionalplace fordemonstrationsorcelebrations it’snamedafterSt. Wenceslaswho has hisstatuethere THE NATIONAL THEATREandTHE NATIONAL MUSEUM–are importantculturalbuilding THE OLD TOWN SQUAREwithTHE ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK FESTIVALS: everyyearthere are many popular festival and events f.ex.THE PRAGUE SPRINGwhichisaninternational music festivalwherethesymphonyorchestras are performed orTHE PRAGUE MARATHONwhichisin May and runnershave to runover a 42 kilometres there areChrismasmarkets in winterwhereyoucanbuygifts, food or drink BRNO isthe second largest city in the Czech Republicitwasoncecalledthe „Moravian Manchester“becauseifitsarchitecturesomeofthepopularplaces areŠPILBERG CASTLEorVILLA TUGENDHAT ČESKÝ KRUMLOV is aUNESCO protected citythereis a beautifulcastle and historical centre PLZEŇandČESKÉ BUDĚJOVICE are internationallyfamousfortheirbeers →Pilsner UrquellandBudweiser Budvar KARLOVY VARY – isa famousspatown and ithostsaninternational film festival ZLÍN –ishome to the Baťa shoecompany PARDUBICE – isknownforCzech gingerbread anda horseracecalledVelká Pardubická OLOMOUC – viz 11. otázka

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