Jak Začít?

Máš v počítači zápisky z přednášek
nebo jiné materiály ze školy?

Nahraj je na studentino.cz a získej
4 Kč za každý materiál
a 50 Kč za registraci!

United Kingdom

Stáhnout kompletní materiál zdarma (125,52 kB)

Níže je uveden pouze náhled materiálu. Kliknutím na tlačítko 'Stáhnout soubor' stáhnete kompletní formátovaný materiál ve formátu DOCX.

HISTORY OF UK Original inhabitants wereCelts - 100 – 400 –the Romans occupy England and Wales - 400 – 1066 –the Anglo-Saxons - driving the native British westwards - 800 AD –Vikings– on the north of England and parts of Scotland and Ireland - 1066 –the Normans– brought theFrench language and new words into English 13th century – MAGNA CARTA =King John - restricted the power of ruler and recognized the rights - very important and influential – became an important part of English law The Hundred Years’ War – 1337 – 1453 - rulers of the Kingdom of England x rulers of the Kingdom of France 1347 – the black death killed a third of the population 15th century – WAR OF ROSES - two English noble houses wanted the crown:The LancastersandThe Yorks - lasted for 30 years - the last battle – 1485 at Bosworth Field - The Lancasters wins - Henry Tudor married Princess Elizabeth and brought peace to the country 17th- 18th CENTURY-1558 – 1603 the ELISABETH ERA- England becomes wealthier cause of the wool trade -Britain – naval power -William Shakespeare - 1642 – 1651 the English Civil War – between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists - 1707 – the Act of Union 18th – 19th CENTURY -BRITISH EMPIRE – 18th - Industrial Revolution – late 18th = people begin to move into the cities and work in factories - 19th –BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR(1805) – Spain x Britain (Napoleon lost at Waterloo and Britain continued her colonial expansion) 19th – 20th CENTURY - theVICTORIAN ERA – society becomes more repressed and religious -1918 – end of the First World War -RAF – The Royal British Airforce - World War II – 1 million houses were destroyed and 40 000 civilians were killed -POLITICAL STABILITY –after WWII – gained political and financial stability; UK is member of NATO and since 1973 member of the European Union GEOGRAPHY LOCATION BRITISH ISLES – are situated off thenorth-west coast of the Continent of Europe - it lies between the North Atlantic Oceanand theNorth Sea -English Channelseparated B.I. and France - the UK consists of 4 parts –England (London),Scotland (Edinburgh),Wales (Cardiff),Northern Ireland (Belfast) -island: Hebridies, Orkney, Shetland – on the north - Channel islands – own legislative - population: 63 million CLIMATE AND WEATHER - Climate – temperate and oceanic (lot of rain) -Gulf Stream– don’t freeze, climate is influenced by the warm Gulf Stream - extreme temperatures – mild winters, coldly rainy summer - weather is extremelychangeable FAUNA AND FLORA - small variety – not enough time since the last Ice age -quite similar to Czech Republic -animals: red deer, badger, hedgehog, fox, red squirrel POPULATION -rich variety of ethnicity (Celts, Romans, Normans.. ) - long history ofimmigration: Africans, Chinese, Irish, Poles LANGUAGES - England – English - Scotland – Scottish Gaelic - Wales – Welsh - Ireland – Irish Gaelic GEOGRAPHY - not many rivers - the longest river –Severn - also a lot of lakes: The largest in Scotland –Loch Ness andLoch Lomond -most of country –lowland terrain - few mountain ranges –Cumbrian Mountains, The Pennines, Scottish Highlands - highest mountain – BEN NEVIS– 1300m GREAT UNION– 1707 (18th century) FLAG = Union Jack - crosses:ENGLAND– St. George’s Cross SCOTLAND – St. Andrew’s Cross UNITED KINGDOM FLAG(19th century) GREAT UNION IRELAND –St. Patrick’s Cross

Témata, do kterých materiál patří