12. Food and gastronomy - P
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12. Food and gastronomy People have different eating habits. Some people eat healthy which means smaller but frequent fresh meals consisted of all food types such as proteins, carbohydrate, fats, fibre, vitamins and minerals and also lot of liquids. But there are many people who eat unhealthy food which contains a lot of fat, salt, sugar and a little fibre, vitamins and they eat ready-made food which can have a lot of chemicals or they eat junk food in fast foods such as burgers, chips and pizza. These meals are usually fried and quality isn’t very high. Then there are people who don’t eat meat called vegetarians or vegans who don’t eat animal products at all. Different countries have different eating customs, for example in southern states (such as Spain or Italy) they get up later, don’t have almost any breakfast (or brunch). Lunch is served late in afternoon ,which is followed by rest called siesta, when nobody works and then between 9 and 11 is served dinner, because they also go to sleep late. Whereas inBritainthey start with typical English all-fried breakfast which is big meal of fried beans, sausage, egg, tomatoes and sometimes mushrooms. But today people prefer light breakfast consisted of cereals with milk or toasts with jam or honey. They also drink their English tea with cold milk. For many people lunch is quick meal, it’s consisted of soup, salad, sandwich or a light snack. Then about 5 o’clock comes teatime with cakes, biscuits and English tea. The main meal of the day is dinner which has more courses and the whole family eat together. The first course is soup or another starter, then main course can be meat pie or roast meat with potatoes and vegetables and the dessert can be fruits, pudding, jelly with cream or ice cream. Traditional English meals are fish and chips, roast beef, Christmas pudding or Yorkshire pudding (similar to czech langoš), kidney pie or Scottish food Haggis which contains organs from lamb and it’s eaten on New Year’s Eve. Also in theUSA they have quick breakfast and lunch and most they eat for dinner. For breakfast they have usually cornflakes, yoghurt or a pastry and then they eat fast food at lunch. The evening meal is mostly some meat, vegetable and bread. Traditional American meals are hamburger with fries, apple pie,hot dog or steak and salad. Our eating habits are that we start day with breakfast containing bread or roll with salami or cheese, patry, cereals with milk or yoghurt and we drink tea, cacao or coffee. Then about 10 o’clock we usually have little snack. The main meal of the day is lunch there. Usually it consists of soup,main dish – mostly some meat with side dish and sometimes dessert. Then for dinner we sometimes eat cold or hot meals . Some people eat food as for lunch and some people bread with something and vegetables. Traditional Czech meals are sirloin with vegetable and cream sauce, dumplings (and served with cranberry sauce and whipped cream) or pork with sauerkraut and dumplings, Goulash with sauce, beef and dumplings, Viennerschnitzel which is breaded and fried meat, fruit dumplings or potato pancake. In Czech cuisine are used various sauces a lot Food in the Czech republic 1.General information (less healthy,...) 2.Breakfast 3.Lunch 4.Dinner 5.Snacks 6.Specialities (sauerkraut, dumplings, sirloin of beef, schnitzel, strudel, …) 7.Alcohol 8.Christmas dinner Food in the United Kingdom 1.General information (joke, traditional dishes) 2.Breakfast 3.Elevenses 4.Lunch (The story about Sandwich, fish and chips) 5.Teatime 6.Dinner (convenience food, restaurants, pubs) 7.Specialities (ploughman’s lunch, shepherd’s pie, bangers and mash) Food in the USA 1.Division (Indians, Immigrants) 2.Breakfast (cereals, oatmeal, granola, brunch, hash browns, pancakes) 3.Lunch (brown bagging, sandwiches, chips, drinks) 4.Dinner (fast food, restaurants, convenience food, 5.Junk food (elephant ears, bagels with cream cheese, soft drinks, pancakes, chocolate chips cookies, mom’s apple pie, PBJ, chips and salsa, all-you-can-eat lunch specials) 6.Specialities (chili, chop suey, jambalaya, New England clam chowder, Shoofly Pie) Czech republic For many people in our country food, eating, sometimes also cooking is a downright pleasure. On the other hand, many people are figure-conscious and try to fast, cut down on fat and sugar or go on a slimming diet. In the whole, our food – the Czech cuisine – is said to be less healthy. The Czechs are used to eating many floury, sweet and fatty dishes, such as dumplings, pastry, fat pork and sausages. Our diet should consist of more vegetables, fruit, lean meat, poultry and fish which would supply our bodies with more vitamins and minerals. The first meal of the day is breakfast. Some people recommend a substantial breakfast, others prefer a light, healthy one which is easily digestible. A typical breakfast menu includes a slice of bread, roll or croissants, butter, ham, salami, cheese, marmalade and healthy diet will include yoghurt, cereals with milk or fresh fruit. Popular drinks are coffee, tea, cocoa or fruit juice. At around 10 a.m. it is time for a snack. It is good to have something small, easily digestible such as fruit, vegetables or yoghurt. The main meal of the day – lunch – comes around noon. Most people have lunch in school canteens, company cafeterias or in restaurants, others bring lunchboxes from home. The Czech midday meal usually consists of three courses: soup, the main course and a dessert. An aperitif and starter are served only on special occasions. As for soup we can choose from clear soup (beef or chicken and vegetable broth with noodles and liver-balls) and thick soup (potato, tribe, fish, cream of mushroom, celery, cauliflower or tomato). The main course usually consists of cooked meat with side dishes, such as potatoes, roast potatoes, chips, mashed potatoes, rice, pasta, dumplings or vegetables trimmings. Meat can be prepared in many different ways-roasted, grilled, smoked, barbecued o