14) System of government in the USA
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14. System of government in the USA USA is a federation of 50 states (2 of them are not very close to the other states – Alaska is in the north of American continent and Hawaiian islands are situated in the Pacific Ocean) democratic republic their constitution is one of the oldest and it is also the first one that guaranteed freedom of religion, freedom of speech, the right for a fair trial o it went to effect in 1787 o its flaw was that it did not guaranteed these right for women and slave president Donald Trump they have a state (head is a governer) and federal government (head is the president) 3 branches – executive, legislative, judicial LEGISLATIVE Congress – upper chamber (Senat) and lower chamber (House of Representatives) o Senat 100 members, 2 from each state elected for 6 years. every 2 years one third is renewed o House of Representatives 435 members elections every 2 years EXECUTIVE they do not have a prime minister, the head of executive branch is the president plus ministers president Donald Trump o he is practically a prime minister and president in one person (he holds a lot of power) o he is the commander in chief of the armed forces o he has a veto right o elected for 4 years and he can be elected two times presidential elections o candidates from each party organize a campaign and they tour through the country o than the elections in each state are held o people vote (each state has a number of electors according to the population of the state – those electors than go to Washington and officially vote for president) o the candidate that wins in a certain state takes all the votes (winner takes it all) JUDICIAL they have state courts and federal courts there are 11 courts of Appeal and the highest one is the Supreme court o judges are nominated for life time by the president POLITICAL PARTIES two big ones – Democratic Party and Republican Party Democratic Party o is more liberal o they think that the government should provide wide social and economic support for those who need it o symbol: donkey Republican Party o puts more emphasis on business and individual initiative o symbol: elephant