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American Literature

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A m e r i c a n l i t e r a t u r e

19th century literature (1800 – 1900)

  • in the 1830´s and 1840´s writers began to look at the western frontiers for ideas about American life.

HERMAN MELLVILE

  • had a tragic view of life.

  • In most of his work is a struggle between good and evile

  • His life and writings were influenced by his youth experiences as a sailor

  • Moby Dick – it´s his greatest work. It´s about voyage and hunt after great while whale, Moby Dick. Moby Dick in this work represents God or fate. Captain Ahab has a light and dark side that fights againts each other. In the end the dark side wins. Moby Dick is killed and Ahab´s ship, including himself, is destroyed.

MARK TWAIN

  • one of the most popular authors

  • he wrote for both children and adults

  • among his best known book belongs :

  • The Adventures of Hucklebery Finn

  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

EDGAR ALLAN POE

  • his most famous poemis:

  • The Raven

20th century literature

F. SCOTT FITZGERALD

  • wrote stories about „Lost generation“

  • young people who had lost their American ideals, faith in God and faith in Man

  • The Great Gatsboy – the hero believes that he can buy happiness for money

ERNEST HEMINGWAY

JOHN STEINBACK

  • The Grapes of Wrath (Hrozny hněvu)

  • others works of Steinack include:

  • East of Eden - amodern parallet of the Bible story about Cain and Abel, and Travels with Charley

  • he describes here the experiences while travelling through small – town America with his dog

Poetry and Drama

EZRA POUND

T. S. ELIOT

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