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CANADA LOCATION: - Canada is located in the north of the continet of North America - it is bordered by the USA to the south and the north-west Alaska - is the second largest country by area in the world - it is surrounded in the west by the Pacific Ocean, in the north by the Arctic Ocean and in the east by the Atlantic Ocean - two official languages – English, French (70% speak English, 22% speak French) - continental climate with cold snowy winters and warm summers - north – polar climate - animals: the beaver, the moose, the Canada goose, the black bear, the grizzly bear POPULATION: - only 30 millions inhibitants GOVERMENT: - the Queen Elisabeth – the monarcho f the UK is head of state - federal systém of goverment - goverments sits in the House of Commons - national parliament is in Ottawa - the parliament is bicameral - each province also has its own parliament HISTORY: - first settlements goes back 25 000 years - as 1. Portuguese colonized Canada in the 15th century - after Portuguese there were French – 18th century - and thencontrol moved to the British - 1867 –Independency - 1982 –Canada Act– formally separated from the UK OFFICIAL SYMBOLS: - beaver – important for trade -maple treesand leaf - trees have playe dan important role in the historical development of Canada -Canada’s national anthem -Nathional flag - 4 symbols of Canada on the shield – the three royal lions, the floral emblems of the 4 founding nations: the English rose, the Scottish tristle, the French fleur-de-lis and the Irish shamrock, royal Crown at the top GEOGRAPHY – surflace, lowland, waters - south – forest - North – tundra - west – Canadian Rocky Mountains - rivers: Mackenzie and St Lawrence are the longest IMPORTANT CITIES Ottawa: - the capital of Canada, which is in Ontario Montreal: -the largest city in the French-speaking province of Quebec Toronto: -the largest Canadian metropolis also in Ontario - atractions – CN tower – the world’s tallest tower Vancouver - popular destination - largest city on the west coast - people admire the natural beauty in several national parks: Banff National Park in Alberta – dramatic landscape and wildlife INDUSTRY - logging and oil industries – two of Canada’s most important - automobile industry, aircraft in - 8th largest fishing and seafood industry AGRICULTURE -grains and oilseeds (wheat, durum, oats, rice, corn), wine CANADIAN SPORTS - ice- hockey - American football - basketball, lacrosse, curling FAMOUS CANADIANS - Margaret Atwood – writer (The Blind Assasin) - Leonard Cohen – singer and poet - Neil Young – singer - Nelly Furtado – pop singer - Celine Dion – Queen of pop - Jim Carrey – the comedian