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21MO – Prague SightseeingHistoryFamous people Osnova: Basic factsHistorySightseeing (places of interest, cultural life, events)Famous people 1.BASIC FACTS: Capital city1,2 million inhabitants14th largest city in EuropeCultural, historical and governmental heart of the rep.Seat of the president, parliament, government5 parts – The Lesser town (oldest), New Town (founded by Charles IV.), Josefov, Hradčany, Vyšehrad 2.HISTORY: City was established in the 9th centuryAccording to a legend, Prague was found by princess Libuše and her husband Přemysl – founder of the Přemyslid dynastyIn the 10th century Vyšehrad was built – seat of Czech kingsIn 14th centuryCharles IV, Bohemian King and Holy Roman Emperor chose the city as the capital of his whole Empire. He founded Chares University, St. Vitus Cathedral, Charles Bridge and the New TownIn the 15th century Prague was centre of the Hussite movement – Jan Hus (priest, preached in the Bethlem Chapel)17th century 30 years war – 1620 battle of the white mountain – strong germanisation19th century centre of National revival – National theatre was built in this era1918 capital city of Czechoslovakia – Prague castle was seat of 1. president T.G.M.In 1989 Velvet Revolution started there1993 capital city of Czech Republic 3.SIGHTSEEING: Places of interest Prague castle – dominant of city, seat of President, the largest coherent castle complex in the world St. Vitus cathedral – founded by Charles IV., later rebuilt, coronation jewels are kept there Charles bridge – oldest Prague bridge connects Old town and Lesser town, tourist attraction, 30 statues Old town square – best known building is old town hall with the astronomical clock (most popular tourist attraction), Jan Hus monument is here Wenceslas square – in the upper part stands statue of st. Wenceslas and National museumCultural life and events Diverse range of cultures in Prague Lot of theatres – National theatre, Tyl Theatre, Lucerna hall, State opera Galeries – National gallery (at the Prague castle), futura centre for contemporary art Museums – National museum (in reconstruction for a long time, now it´s open again), museum of music, art, dolls, … Prague spring – music festival, film festivals, food festivals O2 arena (most famous singers and bands) Night life – many bars or pubs Sport events – Half marathon and Marathon, football clubs (Sparta, Slavia), Hockey and Basketball, Tennis, …. 4.FAMOUS PEOPLE: Artists K. Čapek, Kafka, Kundera (writer), Lída Baarová (actress), A. Dvořák (composer), Havel (dramatist, politician), Jiří Menzel (director), Seifert (poet)Monarchs Charles IV., Rudolf II.Scientist Jaroslav Heyrovský (Nobel prize holder)Athletes Martina Navrátilová (tennis player), Emil Zátopek (athlete), Tomáš Rosický, Pavel Nedvěd (football player)Others Jan Hus (priest, reformer), T.G.M. (politician)