1) System of government in GB
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5. System of government in GB constitutional monarchy (the power is limited by constitution – they don’t have a written constitution) parliamentary democracy queen Elisabeth II. 3 branches – executive, legislative, judicial LEGISLATIVE Parliament – House of Lords (upper chamber) and House of Commons (lower chamber), seat in Palace of Westminster o House of Lords members are not elected they are “born” to the house no salary they may delay laws or change them (than it goes back, if they agree queen signs it) 3 types of people in the House of Lords Lords spiritual (bishops and arcibishops of the english church) – 26 members Lords temporal (life peers – appointed by the queen, hereditary peers – their seat is inherited, 92) number of members is not fixed (nowadays 798 members) o House of Commons majority voting system – in each country several candidates and winner takes it all (+stronger parliament, - small parties have no chance at getting heard) 650 members they approve taxes and make laws The speaker (president of the House of Commons) – he is elected by its members, strictly non-partisan, doesn’t vote EXECUTIVE government – prime minister (T. May) + ministers they run the country, prepare budget and propose the height of taxes queen Elisabeth II. o official head of state o formal duties: as Head of State, the Queen represents the UK abroad and invites other world leaders to visit the UK as Head of the Armed Forces, only the Queen can declare when the UK is at war or when war is over as Head of the Church of England, she appoints bishops and archbishops as a political entity, the Queen has to read and sign government and Commonwealth documents every day signs the laws and summons new parliament JUDICIAL system of courts highest is the court of Appeal (new one, in history it was House of Lords) POLITICAL PARTIES two big ones – Conservative (right wing) and Labour party (left wing) third biggest ones are Liberal Democrats 1215 – Magna Charta (king John Lackland) – it was the fall of absolutism in GB and the start of parliament (it limited the king’s power)