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20. Outstanding personalities connected with GJKT Dominik Jaroslav Duka Dominik Duka was born on 26 of April 1943 and he is the 36th Archbishop of Prague and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He also was a Bishop of Hradec Králové. He was born in Hradec Králové and was the son of ex-soldier, who participated on foreign resistance movement(= zahraniční odboj). He studied on J. K. Tyl’s Gymnazium and finished school in 1960. On 6th of January 1969 he made temporary profession in the Dominican Order(= kněžský stav) and on 22nd of June 1970 he was ordained(= vysvěcen)a priest. On 7th of January 1972 he made his profession(= řeholní slib) in the Dominican Order. Because of the Communist he was deprived of the authorisation for the sacred ministry and then he worked at the factories of Škoda at Plzeň for 15 years. At this time he also worked in a secret as a teacher of theology. In 1979 he obtained(= získal)a licentiate in theology in Poland. After the Revolutions of 1989 he lectured in the Faculty of Theology at Palacký University in Olomouc. On the 6th of June 1998 he was appointed bishop of Hradec Králové and two years later on the 13th of February 2010, Pope Benedict XVI appointed him archbishop of Prague. Archbishop Duka was made Cardinal-Priest in 2012. František Smotlacha František Smotlacha was born on 30th of January 1886 in Hradec Králové and died on 18th of June 1856 in Prague. He was famous Czech mycologist[majkólodžist], Judoka and promoter of an academic sport. In 1919 he started with publishingThe magazine of Czechoslovakian mushroom pickers, which is now calledThe mycological compilation.(= mykologický sborník)Then he set upThe mycological union of Czech botanical company andThe Czech mycological company. Since 1910 he worked in Charles university as a PE teacher. At this time he also started doing trainings of Jiu-Jitsu for students as regular courses.The Czechoslovak Union of Jiu-Jitsu was established on 3rd of April 1936 and Smotlacha became the first chairman(= předseda). His biggest work is related to researches of edibility and toxicology of mushrooms. His findings are summarized inThe Atlas of edible and inedible mushrooms and interesting is, that around 1700 kinds of mushrooms, that are in the book, he had really consumed. He also disproved an assertion(= tvrzení) of poisonousness [pojznesnes] of some species [spíšís] of mushrooms. His researches in the mycological area are one of the reasons, why are Czech people considered as the nation of mushroom pickers. Karel Jaromír Erben K. J. Erben was born in 1811 in Miletín and died in 1870 in Prague. He was the Czech writer, poet and collector of folk art and historian. He studied on Gymnasium J. K. Tyla and then he went to Prague and studied philosophy and law. His famous book is Bouquet, which contains poems based on traditional and folkloric themes. It consists of 13 ballads, for example The Noonday Witch, Willow Tree, Christmas Eve or Lily. I think that most famous is the ballad The Water Globin, which is about a girl who doesn’t listen to her mother. She warns her that in the lake lives a water globin but the girl doesn’t care about it. She goes to the lake but then the bridge breaks down and she falls into the water. The water globin compels her to stay with him and after a while also they have got a child. In the end the child dies because the girl goes home and her mother doesn’t want to let her go. He also wrote Folk Songs of Bohemia, which contains 500 songs and Czech Folk Songs and Nursery Rhymes. It’s five-parted book that includes most of the Czech folklore. František Ulrich F. Ulrich was born in 1859 in HK and died in 1939 in Rokycany. He was the Czech deputy, lawyer and author of poems and prose. He studied in HK ant the he went to Prague to the Law Faculty of Charles University. During his studies he was interested in literature and he participated in the May almanac. Then he worked as a lawyer and opened his own office in HK. He was elected as a mayor of Hradec Králové and took charge of the abolition of the fort in 1884 and Hradec Králové could start developing. The project od reconstruction was made by many architects, mainly by Jan Kotěra and his pupil Josef Gočár. In the end Hradec Králové earned thanks to František Ulrich the nickname Salon of Republic.

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