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8. Education - P

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8. Edu cation school attendance – školní docházka school year, term – pololetí, semestr compulsory - povinné x optional = elective – volitelné major – hlavní obor, His major field / area is maths. = He has a major in maths. timetable = schedule – rozvrh lunch break lesson – hodina, classes – vyučování, lecture – přednáška , seminar – seminář marks = grades – známky evaluation – hodnocení get straight A´s - mít samé jedničky school report – vysvědčení exam – do exam (in …) = sit for an exam – dělat zkoušku, pass an exam – udělat, succeed - uspět, fail an exam – neudělat zkoušku write a test (in English / on present perfect sentences) – psát test z (předmětu) / na (téma) graduate from (university, secondary school) – úspěšně dokončit školu graduate - absolvent graduation exam = school-leaving exam = maturita exam degree – titul (Bachelor of Arts / Science / Education, Master of Arts / Business Administration,...) entrance exam – přijímačky apply for – podat si přihlášku na admit - přijmout pay attention – dávat pozor take notes – dělat si poznámky revise – opakovat si učivo cheat – povádět, copy from … - opisovat od …, bully – šikanovat, be in detention – být po škole be absent – chybět, cut classes = skip classes = play truant = play hooky – chodit za školu, be late curriculum – osnovy school fee – školné x scholarship=stipend=study grant - stipendium class register – třídnice class teacher, headmaster / headmistress = principle extracurricular activities = after-school activities – mimoškolní aktivity equipment: textbooks, exercise books, pencil case School buildings and school premises – školní areál: dining hall, school canteen, sports ground, playground, gym, reading room, lab, youth hostel, hall of residence = student hall = dorm(itory), lockers, Education and school pre-school education – nursery school, kindergarten primary school – 2 grades secondary school – grammar school, secondary school of …, vocational school/apprentice center tertiary education – university, college training courses state school x private school, church school The UK educational system school year- early September to mid July - three terms compulsory between the ages 5 – 16 private nursery schools (3 - 5) or nursery classes at state primary school - primary junior school (5 - 11) - secondary school (11 – 16) GCSEs at 16 - (public schools – velmi drahé soukromé školy) after 16: may leave school and start work or go on to study (2 years) A-levels or International Baccalaureate (6th-form college – maturitní nástavba) after 18 – FE (further education) – career based courses or HE (higher education) universities, colleges and institutes offering studies at degree level The US educational system varies in each state pre-school programme / kindergarten (4 – 6) grade (= elementary) school (6 – 10/12) junior high school or middle school (10 – 14) high (=secondary) school (14 – 18) high school report includes grades (grade point average), participation in extracurricular activities and SAT scores (Scholastic Aptitude Test) high diploma university (5 years) or college (2 years)

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