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Education in USA, UK, CZ

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EDUCATION IN USA, UK and CZECH REPUBLIC

  • Two groups: Public and Private

  • 88% of US children attend public schools

Public: no tuition, open to all children from the district, classes for both sexes

  • USA - don’t have to pay

  • UK - pay for studying

Private: tuition, children need to wear uniform

  • USA private school - wear uniform only at private school

  • UK private school - uniform at all schools

Stages: Primary, Secondary, Higher education

Compulsory:

  • CZ - 6-15

  • UK - 5-16

  • US - 6-16, kinder garden 4-5

- Schooling comprises 12 academic levels = GRADES

Primary

  • 5 or 6 until 11 or 14

  • Co-educational

  • Up to 8th grade

  • 7 hours long ending at 3 PM

  • English, math, writing, reading, history, geography

Secondary

  • 12-18

  • Over 2000 students

  • Co-educational

  • Divided: Junior High School and Senior High School

    • Junior High School:

- grades 5 or 6 through 8 or 9

- science math, language, history or social studies, arts

  • Senior High School:

- grades 9-12

- English, math, social studies, science, subject electives: performing arts, computer science, business education, foreign language…

High school education:

  • 6 - 7 hours of class

  • Lunch - 12

  • 9th grade - begin to plan careers

  • Dropouts - leaving school at 16

  • High school diploma - no maturita

Extracurricular activities:

  • Arts: theatre, music, dance

  • Media: television, newspapers

  • Sports: Football, baseball

  • Music: Chorus, band

Higher education:

Types of US higher education:

  • 1. State College or University - supported by state or local government

  • 2. Private College or University - privately run, smaller than states schools

  • 3. Community College - two-year colleges, many types of degrees

  • 4. Institute of Technology - 4 years of study in science and technology

Levels of Study:

  • 1st level- Undergraduate - only at university

  • 2nd level - Master degree

  • 3rd level - Doctorate degree

Selection system:

  • High school results: A-D (A=4)

  • Admissions tests: SAT - scholastic aptitude test, ACT - American college testing, TOEFL - test of english as foreign language

  • Other: written essays, letter of recommendation by teachers

Tuition:

  • The most expensive in the world

Ivy League:

  • Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Princeton, Yale

UK

  • Shool is compulsory for children and young people between the ages 5 and 16. The school year is divided into three terms. It starts in September and students have some holidays during the year.

  • Primary school is for children from 5 to 11 and the teachers are mainly woman. Secondary school is for young people between the age of 11 and 16. ( In some areas there are middle schools (age 9–13 ))

  • At the age of 16 students take the principal examinations GCSE – General Certificate of Secondary Education. Those who don’t want to study more take GCE. At 18 students take A-level exam ( Advanced level ) It’s the standard examination for entrance to higher education.

  • Higher education Britain has 47 universities. The most famous and the oldest ones in Britain are Oxford Cambridge and Glasgow and Edinburgh.

  • University courses last usually over 3 to 4 years.Undergraduates are the students who study for a degree of Bachelor. Then students are gaduates and they can study further to get degree of Master

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