Education in USA, UK, CZ
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EDUCATION IN USA, UK and CZECH REPUBLIC Two groups: Public and Private88% of US children attend public schools Public: no tuition, open to all children from the district, classes for both sexes USA - don’t have to payUK - pay for studying Private: tuition, children need to wear uniform USA private school - wear uniform only at private schoolUK private school - uniform at all schools Stages: Primary, Secondary, Higher education Compulsory: CZ - 6-15UK - 5-16US - 6-16, kinder garden 4-5 - Schooling comprises 12 academic levels = GRADES Primary 5 or 6 until 11 or 14Co-educationalUp to 8th grade7 hours long ending at 3 PMEnglish, math, writing, reading, history, geography Secondary 12-18Over 2000 studentsCo-educationalDivided: Junior High School and Senior High School Junior High School: -grades 5 or 6 through 8 or 9 - science math, language, history or social studies, arts Senior High School: - grades 9-12 - English, math, social studies, science, subject electives: performing arts, computer science, business education, foreign language… High school education: 6 - 7 hours of classLunch - 129th grade - begin to plan careersDropouts - leaving school at 16High school diploma - no maturita Extracurricular activities: Arts: theatre, music, danceMedia: television, newspapersSports: Football, baseballMusic: Chorus, band Higher education: Types of US higher education: 1. State College or University - supported by state or local government2. Private College or University - privately run, smaller than states schools3. Community College - two-year colleges, many types of degrees4. Institute of Technology - 4 years of study in science and technology Levels of Study: 1st level- Undergraduate - only at university2nd level - Master degree3rd level - Doctorate degree Selection system: High school results: A-D (A=4)Admissions tests: SAT - scholastic aptitude test, ACT - American college testing, TOEFL - test of english as foreign languageOther: written essays, letter of recommendation by teachers Tuition: The most expensive in the world Ivy League: Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Princeton, Yale UK Shool is compulsory for children and young people between the ages 5 and 16. The school year is divided into three terms. It starts in September and students have some holidays during the year.Primary school is for children from 5 to 11 and the teachers are mainly woman. Secondary school is for young people between the age of 11 and 16. ( In some areas there are middle schools (age 9–13 ))At the age of 16 students take the principal examinations GCSE – General Certificate of Secondary Education. Those who don’t want to study more take GCE. At 18 students take A-level exam ( Advanced level ) It’s the standard examination for entrance to higher education.Higher education Britain has 47 universities. The most famous and the oldest ones in Britain are Oxford Cambridge and Glasgow and Edinburgh.University courses last usually over 3 to 4 years.Undergraduates are the students who study for a degree of Bachelor. Then students are gaduates and they can study further to get degree of Master Czech republic School attendance is compulsory from the age of 6 till 15. Schools are mainly state schools but there are also some private and church schools.Primary education starts at basic schools and lasts 9 years.They are divided into two stages. The first lasts 5 years and the other 4Secondary education lasts usually 4 years – from the age of 15 till the age of 19. Secondary education is divided among:secondary grammar schools and secondary special schoolsTertiary education starts at the age of 19 and lasts usually from 4 to 6 years. Students attend universities or colleges (Medical Faculty, Law Faculty etc.).Students end their secondary education after passing their maturita exam, which consists of two parts: written part and oral part