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P rague is a place w here many important historical events happened. For example... Lets start w ith some basic facts about Prague. W here is it situated? Prague is situated in the middle of the Central Bohemian Region. P rague is... Prague P olitical centre W ho leads the city? How big is P rague? Due to it's uniqueness, P rague has been given many nicknames, for example... Prague has a population of about 1,3 million residents - that's almost 10% of the Czech population. P rague has multiple functions and has a great importance as a... The President of the Czech Republic has official residence in Prague Castle. The most important facts about its geography and administration Cultural centre Financial and business centre Transport hub The Old Tow n P rague has many unique parts and quarters. For example... the capital city of the Czech Republic. Prague is led by the city council, which sits in the Old Town of Prague. The current Mayoress of Prague is Adriana Krnáčová. The Prague uprising The Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich The Prague Spring The Velvet Revolution Charles I V Charles Bridge Prague Castle The Old Tow n Square Kramář's Villa, named after the first Prime Minister of the independent Czechoslovak state Karel Kramář, is the official residence of the the Prime Minister, the head of the Czech Government. The New Tow n Currently, it's the official residence and workplace of the Czech president and home to the Czech crown jewels. One of its parts, St. Vitus Cathedral, is the traditional place of the coronation of Czech kings. The Guinness Book of Records recognises Prague Castle, which dates back to the 9th century, as the largest ancient castle in the world. is a historic bridge which crosses the Vltava river in the heart of Prague and connects the Prague Old Town and the "Little Quarter" ("Malá Strana" in Czech). It was founded during the reign of Charles IV. It's located in the north-west of the Cze ch Republic, approximately 100 kilometres from the German border to the north-we st, 150 kilometres from the Austrian border to the south and about 350 kilometres from Slovakia to the east. is an exceptional square in Prague's city centre. Tourists can see medieval Prague's Astronomical Clock, built in 1410, or visit street markets during the winter months. was a peaceful revolution against the communist regime, which began in Prague after public demonstrations and protests on the 17th of November 1989 . Shortly after that, in 1993, the Czech Republic was established. the most populous city in the Czech Republic. also called Operation Anthropoid, was another manifestation of anti-Nazi re sistance. Reinhard Heydrich was the governor of the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia and th e highest representative of Nazi Germany in our country. In 1941, two Czech parachu tists, Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš, hit Heydrich's car with a bomb in the Libeň district. He died a few days later and as revenge, the Germans murdered hundreds of Czechs shortly after. The City of a Hundred Spires The Czech government sits in Straka's Academy. the political, financial and cultural centre of the Czech Republic. Prague has a complex system of public transport, including bus transport, metro, trams and trains. It's divided into 10 districts named simply Prague 1 to Prague 10. The higher the number that the district has, the closer it is to the city centre. Prague is situated on the Vltava River. He was the king of Bohemia and a Roman Emperor during the 14th century. His reign is remembered as a great rise of the Czech Kingdom - sometimes called the Golden Age of Bohemia. He built Charles Bridge, Karlštejn castle and most importantly, Charles University in Prague. which was Prague's most important manifestation of resistance against Nazi Germany and the German occupation. It happened on the 5th of May 1945, one of the last days of the Second World War in Europe, and ended on the 8th of May by German victory. Lets look back at history... was a short period of liberalization of the Czech communist regime during a few months in 1968. 21 August 1968 on this day, the Soviet army and other armies of the Warsaw Pact invaded Prague and Czechoslovakia in order to stop the reforms planned by Czech communists. the 15th largest city in the European Union is a nickname given to Prague because of its numerous spires and towers. The Mother of Cities is a nickname that Prague earned thanks to its long and inspiring history. Hradčany The Little Quarter Parliament has its meeting place in the Little Quarter. The Chamber of Deputies meets in Thun Palace, the Senate has its official seat in Wallenstein Palace. Prague is the political centre of the Czech Republic because it's the official seat of the major political bodies, such as Parliament, the Government and the President. Most of them have their seat in the Prague's Little Quarter, which is only a few steps from Prague Castle. Heart of Europe is a nickname that refers to the geographical location of Prague in Europe. Also some of Czech ministries have their offices in the Little Quarter. For example, the Ministry of foreign affairs seats in Černín Palace. The First defenestration of Prague There are also some unique sights in P rague that are definitely w orth mentioning? For example... Prague is home to almost all major Czech companies as well as to branches of the big international corporations. There are offices of big European and world banks and Prague is also the seat of the Prague Stock Exchange. For air transport, Prague has one of the busiest airports in central Europe - Vácav Havel Airport Prague - which checks in about 11 million passengers each year. Today, the Prague Metro system has 3 lines and 61 stations Prague is home to many interesting museums, galleries and theatres. The National Museum, located at the top of Wenceslas Square, is probably the most diverse Czech museum. It holds about 14 million items from different areas of history and art. It's also famous