Outstanding English and American personalities
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4 Outstanding English and American personalities Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill If we go several miles westwards from Oxford, we can arrive to a small village called Bladon. The village is full of very old buildings and there is also cemetery there. There are very old graves but one of them looks very newly. On one of the gravestones we can read the name Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill. This famous politic was born 30.11.1874. This time was for England quite mild period. His life story was very long. When he started his politician life they were going to a meetings with a shay and when he was dying there were satellites around the world. Winston Churchill was one of the biggest personalities in English history. He was a man of many faces. He is known for us mainly as politician and statesman, but he was also officer during the world war and at the end of his life he was awarded a Nobel price for literature. His career started in 1896 when he was an officer in India(it was a British colony that time). He finished his work in 1898 there, and then he took part in English march to Sudan. In 1899 to 1902 he became war correspondent. He started his politician life in 1900, when he became a Member of Parliament in House of Commons. At this time he was very admired in England and all the people were talking about him. In the following years he became a lot of functions : 1908 - 10 minister of commerce, 1910 -11 minister of a Home Office and in 1911 - 15 first lord of an admiralty. After failure of a Dardanel operation, he resigned in 1915 from a political life and in 1915 - 17 he was fighting as a British officer in France and Belgium. In 1917 he returned back to political life. He recognized, that he likes problems related to a war and therefor he accepted a position as a minister for armament in 1917 and next year as a minister of a war. He contributed significantly to modernization of an British army and he supported strongly implementation of the tanks. He was one of the main organizer of an intervention against Russia. In the 30.ties he suggested brisk policy against Nazi Germany and he criticized Munich treaty. When the 2nd world war started he was appointed the first lord of an admiralty. He was one of three main representatives of an antinazi coalition ( It was called „Big three„ ). During the war he represented the Great Britain on all important conferences ( Casablanca, Teheran, Postupim). He consistently protected a power of a British empire and he tried to keep down influence of the USSR as much as possible. After the war he became a president of a rightist. In March 1946 he uttered at Fulton university a speech in which he addressed USA to unity with Britain against common enemy - USSR. This speech is considered as an announcement of an cold war. In April 1955 he capitulated from his minister function, but he remained in position of an adviser of a British queen. At this time he also wrote historical roman about his ancestors and a lot of war memories. In London library there is over 50 books. He was also very good painter. In his seniority he was collecting a lot of doctorates and many other honors. DIANA, Princess of Wales She was born on the 1st of July 1961 in Sandringham, England,in nobles family. Her real name was Diana Frances Spencer. Diana was born at Park House, the home that her parents rented on the estate1 of Queen Elizabeth II and where her childhood playmates were Queen’s younger sons Andrew and Edward. She was the youngest of the three daughters of Edward John Spencer and Frances Ruth Roche, who were later in 1969 divorced. She attended three private schools in England from 1966 since 1978. She finished school at the Institute Alpin Videmanette in Rougemont, where she perfected the French language and became a competent skier. In 1979 she returned to London. She lived with three female friends in a rented apartment in South Kensington. For a while she looked after the child of an American couple. She then worked as a kindergarten teacher in London. Her friendship with Charles, the Prince of Wales, first in line to the British throne, grew in 1980, and on the 24th of February 1981 it was announced that Lady Diana Spencer was to marry the Prince of Wales. She was the first Englishwoman to marry an heir2 to the throne in over 300 years. They were married on the 29th of July 1981 in St Paul’s Cathedral in London. 750 million people watched this wedding on TV. She had two sons. Prince William born in 1982 and Prince Henry born in 1984 - both were born at St Mary’s Hospital. Eleven years after her marriage and after many reports concerning argues between the two, the couple were officially separated on the 9th of December 1992 and remained great deal detached3 from each other ever since. In November 1995 she admitted having a love affair with her riding coach James Hewitt. On the 28th of February 1996 she announced official divorce. After their separation on the 31st of August 1997, the beautiful lady Diana was killed in a traffic accident in Paris. She died also with her new love Dodie Fayad. Her favorites:place:London’s West End food:Pasta, salads and fruit drink:chilled dry white wine hobbies: shopping, skiing During her life she became the most famous woman in the world. She took care also in social problems including AIDS, poverty and drug problems. In some respect, she also brought the monarchy to its knees, because people supported her. ) majetek, usedlost ) dědic ) oddělovat