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The Czech Republic

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THE CZECH REPUBLIC The Czech Republic is a state in Central Europe also called Hearth of europe.It occupies an area of 78 864 sq km and has about 10.33 million inhabitants.The head of the Czech Republic is the President Miloš).The state flag consists of 2 stripes (white and red) and blue triangleThe Czech Republic has four neighbours. Poland, Austria, Slovakia and Germany.Our state has a varied landscape.mountains – the Šumava range, the Czech Forest, the Ore Mountains, the Jizerské Mountains, the Giant Mountains and the Eagle Mountains.rivers – the Vltava, the Elbe the Oder, and the Morava.Our country is rich in minerals10,5 milion inhabitantsCR isrepresentative democracy + parliamentary republic Interesting Places of the CR Castles: Prague castle, Karlštejn, Křivoklát and Bezděz.Karlstejn, Konopiště, Zvikov, Hluboka nad VltavouUnesco Wonders: Český Krumlov, Histrorical centre of Prague, Kutná Hora, KroměřížSport: Stahov, Masaryk´s CirkArchitecture: Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, St. Paul CathedralNature: Bohemian Paradise, Prachov Rocks, Czech Switzerland, Macocha, Boubín forest History our territory has been inhabited by Slavonic tribes since the 5th cent. A.D.Charles IV. was the most important person of the 7 electors of the emperorsduring his reign Prague grew into one of the largest European metropolis, was important centre of education, architecture and the artsin 1348 Charles IV. founded Ch. University – the oldest one in Europeat the end of World War I. in October 1918 was established Czechoslovak Republicthough this was destroyed by the German occupation (1939–1945), it appeared again after World War II.in 1948 the power was taken over by communists directed by the Soviet Unionthe „Prague Spring“ in 1968 was oppressed by the invasion of the Soviet army and the „normalization“ lasted about another 20 years till the „velvet revolution“ in 1989the following development led to the splitting of the republic, and in 1993 two new states appeared – the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic

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