The Czech Republic - Prague
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2. The Czech Republic - Prague 1) What kind of city is Prague? Prague is the capital of Czech Republic. It’s the most important political, economic and cultural centre of our country. It’s residence of our president and the Czech Government. 2) Where does it lie? It lies in „the heart of Europe“, in the centre of Bohemia. It covers an area about 500 square kilometres. It has about 1,3 milion inhabitants. 3) What did Charles IV do for it? In the 14 th century the most famous Czech king Charles IV founded the Charles University. King Charles founded the New Town and promoted construction of the Charles Bridge and St. Vitus Cathedral. 4) What is its status now? In 1918 Prague became the capital of the independent Czechoslovakia. When in 1993 the former federal Czechoslovakia split into two independent states, Prague became the capital of the Czech Rapublic. (Když se v roce 1993 rozpadlo bývalé federální Československo do dvou nezávislých států, Praha se stala hlavním městem české republiky.) 5) Which is the oldest part of the city? The oldest part of the city is the lesser town , the most beautiful part of the Prague. When we go downhill from the Prague castle to the Charles bridge, we can go through Neruda street. (malá strana) 6) Where is the commercial centre of Prague? Wenceslas square is a commercial centre of Prague. It is known for its statue of St. Wenceslas on a horse in the upper part of the square. There is many shops, small cafeterias, fast foods, hotels and restaurants. On the top of the square there is the biggest and oldest Czech museum. 7) Which is the biggest museum and where is it? On the top of the Wenceslas square there is the biggest and oldest Czech museum. National Museum. 8) Which is the oldest castle? The oldest castle is Vyšehrad Castle. It was another seat of the kings. 9) What are the most famous monuments? National Museum -Wenceslas square Prague Castle -it was residence of Czech kings -now it is seat of the president Old Town Square -is the centre of historical Prague -astronomical clock with twelve apostles The Charles Bridge -it was built by Charles IV Vyšehrad Castle -the oldest castle -it was another seat of the kings St. Vitus Catedral -founding by Charles IV Powder Gate -originally was one of the entrances to the Old Town Golden Lane -there is many craftsmen lived National Theatre Neruda Street St. Nicholas Church Republic square Na Příkopě street Lucerna Old-New Synagogues Pinkas Sinagogues