The United States of America
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THE UNITED STATES OD AMERICA Is situated in the south of North America. It borders Canada in the north, Mexico in the south and Russia in Alaska. It lies between the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. Alaska lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Artic Ocean. The longest rivers are: the Mississippi and the Missouri. The Mississippi is the third longest river in the world. The border with Canada is in its central part make by the great lakes region lakes Superior, Ontario, Michigan, and Erie. History In 1620 the ship named Mayflower brought 102 English men, women and children to America. They called themselves the Pilgrim Fathers. The winter was very cold and half of them dead. In spring they planted corn and other plants with help and advice from the Indians. In autumn (October 1621) they celebrated good harvest and had a feast with much food. They called this day of Thanksgiving. Foundation of United States British government started to charge new tax on sugar; coffee, textiles and the colonist refused to pay and so British soldiers were sent to Boston. In 1773 a group of patriots dressed as Indians threw British tea into the British harbour. This event is none as the Boston Tea Party. In 1775 the war between England and American colonist began. The war of Independence lasted till 1783, when Britian signed the peace treaty and recognized the U. S. The day of Independence is celebrated on the 4th July. Civil War Negroes first came to America from Africa as slaves. They worked on the cotton fields of south. Northern states wanted to abolish slavery but southern economy was based on large plantations where slaves were used to grow cotton, rice and tobacco. About 60 years of never disputes lead to the Civil War between the North and the South. It started after Abraham Lincoln was elected president. The North won in April 1865 Cities: New York It is the biggest city in the U.S. It belongs to the largest cities in the world. The population is about 14 million. It has five parts- Manhattan, Queen, The Bronx, Staten Island, and Brooklyn. Washington, D.C. Is the capital of the U.S.A. It is not such as large as New York. Only about 1 million people live there. The city is named after the first American president George Washington. Washington is a city of government offices and some musician and art galleries. Interesting places On western coast the most famous places are Los Angeles and San Francisco. In L.A. we can find the famous film centre Hollywood and luxurious grater Beverly Hills. Florida is a tourist area with long beaches in Miami. Yellowstone National Parks is the world’s widest geyser area. Political parties There are two main political parties- Republican and Democratic. The Congress is divided into two parts- The House of Representatives and The Senate. The House of Representatives consist of 435 lawmakers. They are elected according to the population of each state. The Senate has 100 members, two members of each state. Flag The American flag consists two parts- one smaller blue oblong with 50 white starts (one stars for each state) and one larger oblong with six white and seven red stripes for the original 13 states. The flag is sometimes called Stars and Stripes.