Dubrovnik - referát
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Old City of Dubrovnik A History within the Walls Introduction Good afternoon, let me introduce myself, my name si Eliška Nejedlá. I study at Masaryk University Croatian language and literature. I prepared for you a presentation about the Old City of Dubrovnik. I am going to talk about the history of this town, about the walls which protect the town and also about its main characteristics. I have chosen this topic not only because it is my field of study but mainly because this is a beutiful historical town which everyone should visit and also learn a lot about the history of this country. Outline Now lets move on to the outline of my presentation. I divided my presentation into 3 parts. First I‟d like to talk about some basic information about the city. Then we will talk about the City walls and about the history which is conected with this walls. Finally we are going to talk about another symbol of the town, about the main street in this town Placa-Stradun. Basic information So, let’s start with some basic information. The original name of the city was Ragusa, sometimes called republic of saint Vlah. Who is also patron of the city. This tourist center of the Adriatic sea sometimes called „pearl of Adriatic“. The whole centre of Old town is ancient sight. Considerable part of the city was damaged by an earthquake in 1667, Dubrovnik managed to preserve its beautiful Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque churches, monasteries, palaces and fountains. Damaged again in the 1990s by armed conflict, it is now the focus of a major restoration programme co-ordinated by UNESCO. Dubrovnik is a croatian port city in southern Dalmatia. Dubrovnik isseparated from Croatia's main land by strip of land which belongs toBosnia and Herzegovina. There is a latin phrase on Dubrovniks flag „Libertas“ which means freedom.Above the entrance to theLovrijenac fort was inscription : „Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro" which means Freedom is not to be sold for all the treasures in the world. City walls Now let’s move on to second part of my presentation City walls. The Old Town Walls are probably one of the most prominent features of Dubrovnik. The walls surround the city and fortress that make up the “modern” Old Town. Before the 13th century the entirety of Old Town was divided into 2 settlements by a marsh. The situation changed and formed the Dubrovnik Republic, an ongoing dream until the French occupation in 19 century (1806-1808). The old town walls are almost 2km long and were constructed between the 8th and 17th centuries. There are two mighty fortresses protecting the city, Revelin on the east andLovrijenac on the west.The walls include 15 defense towers, the biggest one is Minčeta. There are twogates, Pile in the west side and Ploče in the east and a drawbridge.Entrance to the city walls can be found in several locations. The Walls provide one of the best views of Old Town. For adults the enterance to the fortress costs 100kn and for students or children 30kn. Placa-Stradun Finally I woud like just mention another symbol of the town. Once inside Old Town, stroll down the 300 meter long Stradun. This is the widest street in the Old city. It also is the connector between the two ancient settlements that make up modern Dubrovnik. Stradun began as a bridge then became the main street. It is lined with cafes, stores, and gift shops. It also connects the two main gates, Ploče and Pile. As well each end is marked by fountains and bell towers. They provide excellent points of reference while walking through Old Town. Summary Let me just run over the key points again. Dubrovnik the 'Pearl of the Adriatic', situated on the Dalmatian coast, became an important Mediterranean sea power from the 13th century onwards. We can find there many important Middle Ages buildings as well as the magnificient walls protecting the old city. After excating city sightseeing we just have a coffee on tha main street of Dubrovnik Placa-Stradun. Conclusion We are getting to the conclusion of my presentation. As you can see, there are some very good reasons why you should visit this town. This city will impress you by its traditional appereance and many historical monuments and sights. When you get there you feel like the time has stopped and the history of the city lives again. Closing Thank you for your attention. If you have any questions, I’ll do my best to answer them.