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02 The United States of America

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02 The United States of America UNITED STATES official name: The United States of Americaabbreviations: U.S. or U.S.A. AMERICA X USA America North and South many countries: USA, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brasil, Columbia…USA country in North America federal republic of 50 states: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Ohlahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming SYMBOLS motto: In God we trustanthem: Star-Spangled Banner – goes back to the revolution, military songflag: Stars and Stripes – represent coloniescapital: Washington DC – east coastcurrency: American Dollar – pyramid with an eye on the top LANGUAGES doesn’t have official languagemost used: English (national language)second most used: Spanishindigenous languages: Navajo, Cherokee, Dakota, Lakota, Western Apache POLITICAL MAP 2 land borders: Canada, Mexicodivided to continental part and islandscontinental states between North Pacific Ocean and Atlantic OceanEastern Coast: Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of MexicoWestern Coast: North Pacific Ocean (Hawaii), Bering Sea (Alaska)population: officially in the US: 321 millions DEMOGRAPHICS Ethnicity White anglo-saxon protestan = they would like to be this Cajun – southern states – Louisiana, French descendants, cuisine, mix-up french and English together African Americans – came to US as slaves Southern border – „Mexican“ – from Spanish or Portuguese speaking countries – latinx Cubans – only minority that is welcomed, have automatically granted citizenship – used for fighting against Cuba Native Americans – „indians“, only comunity in the US believed to disappear in the following 100 years, numbers falling 50 in 2050 – bad scenario for WASP, growing minorities, WASP would have less than 50 % US population, WASP = caucassianReligious demographics unlikely for a developped country 75 % declares themselves Christian southern and central America – latinx rest = protestant religions – baptists large number of deeply religious people non religious is only 10 % of the population POLITICAL SYSTEM two political parties: Republicans X DemocratsRepublican: Donald Trump X Democrat: Joe BidenChecks&Balances executive – president (POTUS – official twitter account of the president) head of government, head of Cabinet, accompanied by FLOTUS (First lady of the United States)PRESIDENT head of government of the USA, head of state directs the executive branch of the federal government commander-in-chief of United States Armed Forces D. Trump – 45th president elected for 4 years by voters normal people appointed in each stateCongress bicameral legislature of the federal government of the US House of Representatives and Senate meets in United States Capitol in Washington D.C. both HoR and S chosen in direct election 435 Representatives, 100 Senators27 amendments of the Constitution constitution protect the rights of Americans written in 1787 by 55 delegatesThe Supreme Court highest court in the federal judiciary has ultimate apellate jurisdiction over all federal and state court cases that involve federal law ECONOMY leading world economy – a lot of money goes through US, takes care of business nickname: Wall Street – financial centre in Manhattansecurity X privacy rights from EU not in valid the US – have to undergo background check, but can buy weaponsvery low unemployment rate – 4 % unemploymentsocial security system doesn’t exist have to earn for yourself – have to pay health insurance! retirement in your hands didn’t change rules from 1960 – you get the same money when unemployed – 160 dollars a week when you’re unemployed you work for free for a company, that is taking care of you???strong companies: Google, Facebook, Intel, McDonalds, Pepsi, KFC they outsource – do not produce in the US – Chinabased on immigrants – responsible for seasonal jobs – harvesting, low payed jobs (cleaning, restaurants, stores, fast food) GEOGRAPHY capital: Washington D.C., ColumbiaPhysical Map central part formed by Great Plains – bordered by mountain ranges east: Applachian mountains, west: Rocky mountains Hawaii – set of vulcanic islands, continual vulcanic activity Alaska – moorlands, permafrostMountains Appalachian Mts – east Rocky Mountain Ranges Sangre de Cristo Mountains of New Mexico and Colorado, the Front Range of Colorado, the Wind River Range and Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming, Absaroka-Beartooth and Rocky Mountian Front of Montana and the Clerk Range of Alberta Highest peak: Denali, Alaska (6168 m) – formerly Mt McKinleyLowlands Great Plains Coastal Plains – next to AtlanticRivers longest: Mississippi (3770 km) Missouri Yukon River Rio Grande Colorado RiverLakes The Great Lakes freshwater lakes on or near Canada-USA border lake Superior, lake Michigan, lake Huror, lake Erie, lake Ontario Great Salt Lake – largest salt water lakeNational Parks big wilderness, people live in cities or close vicinity large number of National Parks – started by Theodore Roosevelt (he didn’t want to shoot a bear because it had cubs – they started making Teddy Bears) Yellowstone – established by TR most important active supervolcano small earthquakes Montana, Wyoming, Idaho – borders Yosemite famous for sequoias (red wood) coast of Pacific Oceans Everglade south of Florida brackish waters = mixed salt and river water famous for aligators and manatiesCities Capital: Washington DC Main: NY, Boston, LA, San Francisco, New Orleans… State’s capitals: located in the middle known for conglomerations = cities merging together – area between Boston and Washington generally segregated – different groups in different parts of

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