1. Key terminology of the British Isles and british regionalism
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Key terminology of the British Isles and British Regionalism Profile: History of key cities and regions, The North/South divide State: Geographical vs Political Terms, Indigenious and Immigrant Languages, Multi-Culturalism differences between geographical and political terms for countries and islands ofThe British Isles Geographical terms The British Isles refers to all islands which make up this archipelago such as Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales), The island of Ireland, the Orkneys, the Shetland Isles and the HerbidesChannel Islands and Isle of Man are British but do not have taxes – they are not part of the UK – Tax Haven Political terms the name of sovereign state which a British man or Northern Irish man belongs to is theUnited Kingdom of Great Britain a Northern Ireland (UK)UK consist ofEngland, Wales, Scotland and Northern Irelandeach country within the UK has its own capital: England –London (which is also the capital of the UK), Wales –Cardiff, Scotland –Edinburgh, Northern Ireland -BelfasttheRepublic of Ireland is the sovereign state of the rest of island Ireland, Great Britain and British Isles are geographical terms. The rest is political. Languages along English four main languages are spoken within the British Isles:Irish, Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, Welshwe referred to them as to indigenous languagesfrom those indigenous (domorodý) languages, Welsh is the most commonly spokenanother languages areManx (Isle of Man) andCornish which are still spoken though they nearly died outas very multicultural country many other languages are spoken within the British Isles e. g. Polish and Asian languagesthere is also language originated from the Indian subcontinent Multiculturalism British Isles were never really homogeneous society because of long succession of invasions and immigration (Vikings)Irish migration in 18th to 20th centuryHugenots from Belgium who were ProtestantsJewishfirst black communities (18th century) and first Chinese communities (19th century) were formed in Liverpool, Bristol and London during colonial period1st modern mass immigration was post war immigration which began in 1948 with the arrival of theEmpire Windrush (was a cruise ship owned by the German shipping line, after 2 WW she was taken by United Kingdom Government as a prize for war) she brought one of the large group of post war West Indian immigrants to UK (Caribbean)Churchill lost the election, they needed welfare for state and workers (advertising – everyone is welcome, free trade, export)after the end of the British Empire all commonwealth citizens were granted by British citizenship and the right to live in Britain during the reconstruction period after w. w. 2The Windrush scandal – 2018 British political scandal concerning people who were wrongly detained (zadržený), denied legal rights, threatened by deportation and in 83 cases wrongly deported from UK (many of them were particularly from Caribbean countries as members of the Windrush generation)as well as those who were wrongly deported an unknown number lost their jobs or homes, were denied benefits or medical care Population 66,44 mil and 87% is white, 13% is not Religion Christianity 59,7%Islam 4,4%Hinduism 1,3%Tommy Robinson (example of extremist) Stephen Christopher Yaxley-Lennon (born 27 November 1982), known as Tommy Robinson, is a British far-right and anti-Islam activist. He is the co-founder and former leader of the English Defence League  and later served as a political advisor to former UKIP leader Gerard Batten. Robinson has been active in far-right politics for many years. He was a member of the neo-fascist and white nationalist British National Party (BNP) from 2004 to 2005. For a short time in 2012, he was joint vice-chairman of the British Freedom Party (BFP). Robinson led the EDL from 2009 until 8 October 2013. He continued as an activist, and in 2015 became involved with the development of Pegida UK, a now defunct British chapter of the German-based far-right organisation Pegida. From 2017 to 2018, Robinson wrote for and appeared in online videos for Rebel News, a Canadian far-right political website. Robinson's criminal record includes convictions for violence, financial and immigration frauds, drug possession and public order offences. He has been committed to prison for contempt of court. He has served at least three separate terms of imprisonment: in 2005 for assault, in 2012 for using false travel documents to enter the United States, and in 2014 for mortgage fraud. In May 2018, Robinson was committed to prison for 13 months for contempt of court after publishing a Facebook Live video of defendants entering a law court, contravening a court order that disallows reporting on such trials while proceedings are ongoing. He served part of his sentence at HM Prison Hull in Kingston upon Hull before being transferred to HM Prison Onley in Warwickshire. On 1 August 2018, due to procedural errors, he was released on bail pending a new hearing of the case. On 5 July 2019, Robinson was again found guilty of contempt of court at the retrial and was committed at the Old Bailey to nine months in prison on 11 July․ Before his sentencing, Robinson appeared on InfoWars and appealed for political asylum in the United States. He was released from prison on 13 September 2019 after serving 9 weeks. Robinson denies racism and antisemitism, and has declared his support for the Jewish people and Israel, calling himself a Zionist. Social geography of the UK the major linguistic, cultural and socio-economic differences are between the North and the South of Englandthe north is generally poorer, more industrial, less cosmopolitan with worse weather and less opportunitiesNortherners are often considered to be tougher, more closed minded, friendlier and more down to earththe South (especially the South East) is considered to be richer, more cosmopolitan with snobby, effeminate and less friendly peoplehistorically these differences derive fr