12) History of the USA II.
Stáhnout kompletní materiál zdarma (300,17 kB)
Níže je uveden pouze náhled materiálu. Kliknutím na tlačítko 'Stáhnout soubor' stáhnete kompletní formátovaný materiál ve formátu PDF.
12. History of the USA II. 1904 o 14 Panama Canal 1914 -1918 (11th November) o WW1 (USA entered in 1917) o Russia withdrew (vzdát) from the war o 116 000 people were killed, 53 000 killed in action o USA became financial super power World financial center Londoncity = Wallstreet o imigration in USA restricted after the war o there were prohibitions on alcohol => so there were gangsters who were looking for the alcohol for people 1929 o Great crush on Wall Street => World crisis 1932 o The Great Depression o new president Franklin D. Roosevelt o 17 mil. unemployed => new deal = first intervention into US economy the government was buying everything what farmers couldn´t sell trade uninons old age + disability pensions subsidies (dotace) => after 2 years only 8 milions unemployed F.D. Roosevelt = it made him extremely popular => he served 3 terms as president and was elected 4 times 1st September 1939 – 2nd September 1945 o WW2 o USA entered 7th December 1941 Usa entered because of Pearl Harbo(u)r (Hawaii) beacuse Japanese air forces attacked US harbour without declaring the war aircraft carriers but US aircraft weren´t there US army X Japan in Pacific breaking points o 1942 Midway US won Japan lost 3 aircrafts carriers o 1943 Guadal canal US won sea battle o US invasions 1943 Sicily, Italy Both were trainings for D-day (operation Overlord) o Operation Overlord (6 th June 1944) in Normandy commander of Operation Overlord was General Dwight Eisenhower they opened West Front in Europe it was an international effort it was the largest naval, air and land operation in history 8.000 dead US+GB soldiers 7.000 dead Ger soldiers 20.000 dead civilians o 8 th May the war in Europe is over o but Japan is still fighting – Kamikatze pilots o 6 th August Hiroszima America threw a nuclear bomb „Little boy“ on Hirozsima (Japan town) o 9 th August nuclear bomb „Fat man“ o reason to show the power to Soviet union o responsible president Harry Truman