12. Maturitni otazka_Business company
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Business company A company is a form of business organization. In the United States, a company is called a corporation. A company is an "artificial person" created by law - alegal person.The most common types of companies are: A company - limited (Ltd - limited, plc - public limited company, Inc.- incorporated, LLC - limited liability company) - the owners do not pay all the company's debtsUnlimited - where the liability of the owners is not limitedPartnership - formed by two or more persons, who have to pay for all debts of their businessSole proprietorship (trader) - owned and run by one owner, who has to pay all debts of his businessNonprofit organisation -their owners don't get any profit, which goes for charity etc. Large companies may be organized into several large departments and their structure can be quite complicated. At the top there is usually aboard of directors. The head of the company is called managing director (in GB) orchief executive officer (US) and reports to the board of directors. Then there are variousdepartments, e.g.Sales Dpt., Production, Marketing, Accounts, Personnel (or HR), ITTheir heads are called for exampleSales Manager, Production Manager, etc. and they report to the Managing Director. Office equipment:Office supplies ( or equipment) are all the supplies regularly used in offices by businesses and other organizations. It includes small, expendable, daily use items such as paper clips, post-it notes, and staples, small machines such as hole punches, binders, staplers and laminators, writing utensils and paper, but also includes higher-cost equipment like computers, printers, fax machines, photocopiers and cash registers, as well as office furniture such as chairs, cubicles, filing cabinet, and desks. Companyor corporate culture is the summary of the values, customs, traditions in the company. An important part of company culture is thedress code. Employees are sometimes required to wear a uniform or certain dress, such as a business suit or tie. This may depend on particular situations, for example if they are expected to meet customers. Lawyers, bankers, and executives often wear a suit and a tie. Some work places require that tattoos be covered. White collar work place clothing has changed through the years. In a company office, appropriate clothes are clean, business casual clothes such as a dress shirt, polo shirt (golf or tennis shirt) and cotton trousers. Suits, neckties, and other formal wear are usually only required in law offices and financial offices. Today women's work clothes include tennis shirts and trousers. According to the Financial Times the world most valuable business companies in 2012 are Apple, Exxon Mobil, PetroChina, Microsoft and IBM.