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16. Prague capital city of the Czech republic 14th largest city in Europe 1.2 million people 500 square kilometers major institutions (GNP 184% of Europe) HISTORY starts with a legend - Princess Libuše from Přemyslid Dynasty said „I can see a city whoose glory touches the stars“ - Vyšehrad + horse Šemík - The Golem (16th century Rabbi Lew) CHARLES IV. o established Charles university o Charles Bridge were added eggs to help the construction start of the constructions was on the 9th July 1357 at 531 am (1357 9.7. 5:31) o he made the Prague the centre of the Holy Roman Empire (TOP city in Europe at that time) o he established first Archbishop in CZ o St. Vitus Cathedral 1419 first defenestration of Prague RUDOLPH II. o he brought many famous scientists to Prague 1618 second defenestration of Prague 1620 battle on White Mountain 1621 27 leaders were executed on the Old Town Square 1968 o The Prague Spring it was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II SIGHTS Prague castle o St. Vitus Cathedral (construction took nearly 500 yrs… Petr Parléř = architect), museum, many rooms (about 700), lot of policemen, crown jewells, Golden lane, Charles Bridge o 52O meters long, statues of famous people (in these times 32), over the river Vltava, connects The Old Town with The Lesser Town (Malá Strana) Old Town Square o Astronomical Clock, John Huss in the middle, Old Town Hall, Tyn Church, National Gallery Municipal House o concerts etc., style of early 20 century, Smetana concert hall in it, ČNB inside Jewish Quarter o Jewish cemetery, synagogues (for example Old-New Synagogue) Petřín Lookout Tower o small copy of Eifell Tower, moved to Petřín Hill in 1930´ The Lennon Wall o special = made because of communism = people were writing and drawing messages about freedom there and communist were repairing it = it was symbol of protest o since 1980´ Wenceslas Square o very modern <= founded by Charles IV. => repaired , in the New Town, a lot of shops, National Museum (under reconstruction), statue of st. Wenceslas (meeting point of demonstrations, etc.) National Theatre o reopened 1883 because of the fire in 1881, first play = Libuše by Bedřich Smetana Dancing house o it has shape like dancing woman, brought lots of controversy into Prague, now it has become one of the major sights Vyšehrad o Fortress, rotunda of St. Martin, Slavín cemetery is part of (cemetery of famous people) PARTS main o The Lesser Town (Malá Strana), Old Town, New Town, Hradčany, Vyšehrad, Josefov, Židovská čtvrť) TRANSPORT Underground, trams, busses, Václav Havel airport Cosmopolitan city Many foreign people and companies ATRACTIONS O2 arena, ZOO, House of Wax, Strahov Stadion (Biggest in the world (not because of the amount of people but because of the size of the area)) UNESCO part from 1992, WOULD I LIKE TO LIVE THERE?, WHAT I LIKED THE MOST WHEN I WAS THERE?