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17) Geography of Great Britain

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17. Geography of the UK GREAT BRITAIN CONSISTS OF THREE PARTS:  Great Britain (the formerly separate countries of England and Scotland, and Wales)  Northern Ireland (also known as Ulster)  Numerous smaller islands including the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, and the Orkney, Shetland GENERAL INFORMATION:  The UK has a total area of almost a quarter-of-a-million square kilometres  The UK is an island nation in Western Europe just off the coast of France  The UK lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea and it is separated from France by just 35 km wide English Channel (The Channel Tunnel bored beneath the English Channel, now links the UK with France)  Northern Ireland shares a border with the Republic of Ireland. SEAS:  The UK is bordered by four seas: o to the south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe o to the east by the North Sea o to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean LAND:  The UK Landscape is very varied, ranging from the Grampian Mountains of Scotland to the lowlanda of England which are at or below sea level in places.  Scotland and Wales are the most mountainous parts of the UK. A ridge of hills, the Pennine, runs down the centre of northern England  Many coastal areas are low-lying, especially in the east and south of England.  Most of the UK is made up of hills with isolated areas of high ground such as Dartmoor in the south- west of England or the Mourne Mountains in Northern Ireland.  The ten tallest mountains in the UK are all found in Scotland. The highest peak in all of UK is Ben Nevis located in Scotland (1,344 metres) LAKES  Northern Ireland is where the UK's largest lake is. It is called Lough Neagh.  Other major lakes include Windermere in the English Lake District and Loch Lomond in Scotland.  Another of Scotland's lakes, Loch Ness is famous for sightings of 'Nessie', a mythical monster  English Lake District o The Lake District, or just the Lakes or Lakeland, in the north-west of England is one of the most attractive regions in Britain. o It has high mountains, green forests and shimmering lakes and it is a very popular tourist destination o The beauty of the Lakes has inspired many poets and is associated the so-called Lake Poets RIVERS  Being a relatively small Island, the UK's rivers are not very long  The Severn, its longest river, is just 338 km in length, beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England  Other major rivers include the Thames, which flows through Oxford and London  Others: the Trent and Mersey riversFind out more about UK Rivers CLIMATE  The UK's climate varies greatly according to season and location, but on the whole can be described as mild with few extremes. BIG CITIES  The biggest city and also the capital is London  Other major cities include Birmingham, Liverpool, and Manchester in England, Belfast and Londonderry in Northern Ireland, Edinburgh and Glasgow in Scotland, and Swansea and Cardiff in Wales.

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