18. Globalization and global problems -P
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18. Globalization and global problems DEFINITION - GP are problems which includes and effects the entire/ hole world - opposite of GP is local problem is related to small part/area „think globaly, act localy“ - It's usually divided (rozděleno) with 3 linds of GP KINDS OF GLOBAL PROBLEMS Problems related to nature -are natural disaster involving earth,wind,fire and water - it cause catastropic events such as earthquakes, hurricanes,floods,tsunamiEarthquakes: the grounds shakes, buildings fall, roads are destroy and people died Floods: when the volume of river water is too high Tsunami: because of earthquakes very large waves devastation when they reach land B)Problems related ti sources (zásoby,zdroje) deforestation (kácení lesů), acid rain, the ozon hole, global warming, toxic polution,resorces(energy) The ozon hole: ozonelager (vrstva) absorbs dangerous UV radiation, ozone lager is damaged by chemicals and domestic activities which cause ozone hole Toxic pollution: we produce lots of waste in the home and toxic chemical from industrial processes. Deforestation: tropical rain forests are being burnt and cut down because people need more land C)Problem related to people -famine (hladomor), wars, human rights, illnessis,childlabour,powerty (chudoba) Powerty: is a worldwide (celosvětový) problem, usually affects countries in Africa with poor educational systém, pover resident (chudší obyvatelstvo) Famine(hladomor): is a wide spread scarcity of food (rozšířený nedostatek), people don't have enough food, countries is in war conflicts INSTITUTION THAT HELPS Unicef- helps children WHO- world health organization,deals with public health GREENPEACE-it is ecological organization... interest in forestation,killing whale. ADRA- human agency, helps in emergency situation as a tsunami,to provide food,water... HOW GREEN ARE YOU (ECOLOGICAL) We shouldn't buy plastic bag We should recykle We shouldn't pollut enviroment We should reuse We should buy BIO product We should save energy (switch off lights, safe water...) First of all I would like to talk about UNEMPLOYMENT . In the Moravian – Silesian region, where I live – it i sone of the biggest problems. A lot of people leave this homes and go to Prague or some European countries to get work and earn some money. Another problem is AIR POLLUTION. It is also big problems. Pollution in the air destroys atmosphere and influences chmate. I´d like to mention also TERRORISM. There are many groups, which are being brought up in the hatred and they are told some lies, which turn them into terrorism. We can personally experience the fear of terrorism by simply travelling by plane. All the airports in the whole world the safety regulations are much stricter nowadays then before. The well-known and the most disastrous of them was September11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center in New York. Another issue I´d like to mention is getting the powers of the land where are naural recorces of energy or second most common reason is luck of tolerance towards people´s religious believes. There are the two main reasons for opening a new war. Next issue I would like to talk about is poverty, which is the worst problem in Africa. From my point of view this is the most optymistic issue of global problems, because the Germen scientists though of a project, which schould built a new solar panel plants in Africa and that way Africa could sell the enegry and in a such way become financialy independent part of the Word. I hope it comes true. The sixth issue in the problem of natural disasters. Hear I can name earthquakes, volcanos eruptions, fllodings, houricanes. There is very little we can do to prevent, it can happen very quickly (flood), kill a lot of people and destroy their houses and other property. The last issue I´d like to mentionare the world known diseases such us leprous, cancers, aids, and other sexually transmited diseases. There are many charitable organisation, which together with red cross try to prevent and help people in the whole Word from these illnesses. I think that there are many global problems in the world and that we should solve them and help other people when they need it.