22. Sporting culture in english speaking world
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22. Sporting Culture in English Speaking World
profile: Sport in English Speaking Culture Life
State: National Sports of English Speaking Countries
it’s a sport of normal people, not sport of the rich.
in 12th or 13th century it was banned because of the violence
Medieval football very drastic (weren’t allowed to kill or break bones)
in some of the English villages (rolling cheese – runs down the hill)
industrial revolution they were trying to keep tradition
playing football on the streets
banned on the streets
switched for private lands (rules)
first professional football team (1857, Sheffield FC)
it was a sport for working class community (it’s about identity)
hooliganism (name of the Irish family – east London, gangsters, bulling whole area)
occurred on 29 May 1985 when mostly Juventus fans escaping from a breach by Liverpool fans were pressed against a collapsing wall in the Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium, before the start of the 1985 European Cup Final between the Italian and English clubs. 39 people—mostly Italians and Juventus fans—were killed and more than 400 were injured in the confrontation. This event tremendously shocked the whole public. This was the last straw. English clubs were banned from playing in Europe, had to pay a huge fine and hundreds of English fans were arrested and tried in Belgium.
The Hillsborough disaster
was a fatal crush of people during an FA Cup semi-final football match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, on 15 April 1989. With 96 fatalities and 766 injuries, it remains the worst disaster in British sporting history. The crush occurred in the two standing-only central pens in the Leppings Lane stand, allocated to Liverpool supporters. Shortly before kick-off, in an attempt to ease overcrowding outside the entrance turnstiles, the police match commander, chief superintendent David Duckenfield, ordered exit gate C to be opened, leading to an influx of even more supporters to the already overcrowded central pens. Police tried to cover the whole thing up and said that it was cause by the drunk fans of Liverpool. In fact this disaster was caused only by the police forces which opened the gate and let the fans go inside. In fact this event completely changed the whole football. Football in England became the issue of middle class instead of working class. The strict controls were established and tickets became much more expensive.
This brings me to Justice for the 96. It took 23 years since 1989 to won the trial for the families which lost their relatives in Hillsborough. It took 23 years to uncover this one big false and finally start to blame the police forces. Till this time Liverpool fans were blamed by all England. In 2012 finally magazines and newspapers published the truth and apologise to Liverpool fans.
also very popular
there are two types league (played more in Northern England) and union (traditionally an upper class sport invented at Rugby public school)
the old saying goes the Rugby is a game for thugs played by gentlemen while football is a game for gentlemen played by thugs
in Wales Rugby is immensely popular (more so than football)