22. Sporting culture in english speaking world
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22. Sporting Culture in English Speaking World profile: Sport in English Speaking Culture Life State: National Sports of English Speaking Countries UK: Football it’s a sport of normal people, not sport of the rich.in 12th or 13th century it was banned because of the violenceMedieval footballvery drastic (weren’t allowed to kill or break bones)in some of the English villages (rolling cheese – runs down the hill)Victorian periodindustrial revolution they were trying to keep traditionplaying football on the streetsbanned on the streetsswitched for private lands (rules)firstprofessional football team (1857, Sheffield FC)it was a sport for working class community (it’s about identity) hooliganism (name of the Irish family – east London, gangsters, bulling whole area) Heysel disaster occurred on 29 May 1985 when mostly Juventus fans escaping from a breach by Liverpool fans were pressed against a collapsing wall in the Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium, before the start of the 1985 European Cup Final between the Italian and English clubs. 39 people—mostly Italians and Juventus fans—were killed and more than 400 were injured in the confrontation. This event tremendously shocked the whole public. This was the last straw. English clubs were banned from playing in Europe, had to pay a huge fine and hundreds of English fans were arrested and tried in Belgium. The Hillsborough disaster was a fatal crush of people during an FA Cup semi-final football match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, on 15 April 1989. With 96 fatalities and 766 injuries, it remains the worst disaster in British sporting history. The crush occurred in the two standing-only central pens in the Leppings Lane stand, allocated to Liverpool supporters. Shortly before kick-off, in an attempt to ease overcrowding outside the entrance turnstiles, the police match commander, chief superintendent David Duckenfield, ordered exit gate C to be opened, leading to an influx of even more supporters to the already overcrowded central pens. Police tried to cover the whole thing up and said that it was cause by the drunk fans of Liverpool. In fact this disaster was caused only by the police forces which opened the gate and let the fans go inside. In fact this event completely changed the whole football. Football in England became the issue of middle class instead of working class. The strict controls were established and tickets became much more expensive. This brings me to Justice for the 96. It took 23 years since 1989 to won the trial for the families which lost their relatives in Hillsborough. It took 23 years to uncover this one big false and finally start to blame the police forces. Till this time Liverpool fans were blamed by all England. In 2012 finally magazines and newspapers published the truth and apologise to Liverpool fans. Rugby also very popularthere are two typesleague (played more in Northern England) andunion (traditionally an upper class sport invented at Rugby public school)the old saying goes the Rugby is a game for thugs played by gentlemen while football is a game for gentlemen played by thugsin Wales Rugby is immensely popular (more so than football) Cricket is a popular sport, associated with the middle classesa very slow experience to watchsuccessfully exported round the empire along with Rugby Union Horse racing is the sport of Kings and has events that attract more visitors over a weekend even than the premiere league it is all about gambling – traditionally all families have a bet on theGrand NationalGrand National is the biggest and most famous competition in the UK (something like Velká Pardubická) Darts is a peculiarly British phenomena and along with snooker has moved a long way from its smoky alcoholic home it’s closely connected with the working class in Northern England along with Dutch players So basically in England is everything about class, language, place where you live, even sports!!! In the rest of the English speaking countries sports are about identity – showing that the nation is not under Britain and their control. The Republic of Ireland: has its own unique sportsgambling is very popular in Irelandand any sport which can be gambled on especially dog and horse racingin Ireland sport used to be about national identity and there is a protestant/catholic divide in support especially of national teams, so called sectarianismfor exampleCeltic Glasgow is catholic team andRangers are protestantsnevertheless many Irish people watch English football Gaelic Football a hybrid of football and rugby – very complicatedGaelic football is very similar to Australian (aussie) footballyou can kick the ball, throw the ball or run with the ball in your hands but only four steps then you have to kick to the ball Hurling played with sticks (like Lacross crossed with hockey) Bare Knuckle Boxing is popular primarily among the Irish traveler community. Across the former British colonies- British sports remain popular- especially Rugby (the New Zealand All Blacks) and Cricket (massive in the Indian Subcontinent and the West Indies). In Australia they have Aussie Rules Football which is the number one sport and has a lot in common with Gaelic Football. InNew Zealandmost popular sport isrugby. Kiwies have the best rugby team on the World which is notorious for its HAKKA DANCE. InAustraliathe sport number one isAustralian football. Aussie rules football is played on the football field which is even bigger than the soccer one. It’s very similar to rugby and it’s very brutal. The main goal is to move the ball down the field and scored. Then surfing and cricket as well. US: also has its own unique sports (American Football, Baseball, and Basketball) which it has exported to many countries.ice Hockey is also popular there and in CanadaAmerican sports have a uniquerelationship with higher education and college sports are a big businessconsequently colleges offer scholarships to gi