23) Holidays and traditions in the GB and USA
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23. Holidays and traditions FEBRUARY Valentine´s Day o GB, USA o 14 th of February o people are sending cards and usually they don´t sign, people are sharing their love, going on dates o history more than one story saying that Valentine could be = for example granting marriages to young lovers when it was prohibited, but they discovered this actions of St. Valentine and they executed him MARCH Saint Patrick´s Day o 17 th of March o USA, Northern Ireland o It is actually celebrated on St. Patrick´s death, people are wearing green and drinking green beer, they make big parades and walk through streets o St. Patrick brought Christianity to Northern Ireland and is its patron APRIL Fool´s Day o 1 st of April o people are making fun from one another, they are making a lot of jokes and spreading hoaxes => people expose their pranks by saying April fools o history masters and servants changed places for 1 day Easter o celebrated on the first Monday after the first spring full moon o people celebrate the death of Jesus and that he came back from dead (his resurrection) o USA chocolate egg hunt (usually in the garden, even the president goes) o GB boiled decorated eggs, Easter bunnies JUNE Mid summer´s day o 2nd of June o GB only o longest day, nowadays nobody celebrates, big fire day JULY Independence day o 4 th of July o celebrated in USA o it is celebrated the declaration of independence for USA, banks are having holiday, flags are used more than usually, there are fireworks in the evening OCTOBER Halloween o 31 st of October o originally from USA in the last 10 yrs celebrated in GB too o usually children are wearing costumes of some magic or scary creature o children are saying “trick or treat“ (if people don´t give to children treat they do them some horrible trick = toilet paper on the house and soap on the windows (or both :D)) o Jack-o-lantern = is carved pumpkin (is used as a porch) History the day before all saints day, all ghosts and all witches are free in the history people were locking themselves up and were scared of all ghost of the dead ones (they had horse shoes on the doors) NOVEMBER Guy Fawkes Day o 5 th of November o GB o Guy Fawk planned to blow up the Parliament with the king James I., but he was arrested => his body was quartered => sended to another place => showed to people as warning o children make a straw figure of Guy => go to streets and ask people for money “Penny for the Guy”, in the evening they burn the figures, fireworks and parties in the evening ★ Thanksgiving day ○ USA only ○ forth Thursday in November ○ people celebrate the Pilgrim Fathers (who established USA) and their first crop / harvest (they were helped by the Indians), celebration of the beginning of the USA, people eat turkey DECEMBER Christmas ○ 24 th of December - Christmas Eve work day but it ends at 12, family goes together GB - Father Christmas ● Xmas stocking (at mantel piece or at the bed) ● bigger gifts are under the tree USA - Santa Clause ● reindeers (Rudolph is main he has a red nose) ● children prepare milk and cookie for Rudolph ● gifts are under the tree (Santa is coming through the chimney Canada ● they have Santa Claus too but also they have a lot of traditions because a lot of nations live there Australia ● beginning of the summer holiday, Santa uses kangaroos and is not dressed in so warm clothes ○ 25th of December - Christmas Day presents ○ 26th of December - Boxing Day not in USA GB - “boys from shops” (orphants) were walking through streets and asking for gifts for christmas (were going with boxes) nowadays still calling boxing day but not going with boxes ○ they eat turkey, christmas pudding ○ watch TV, visit family, go to church ○ carols, tree, mistletoe (kiss under the mistletoe - jmelí) ○ Christmas cracker = only GB (inside = toy and (terrible) joke) New Year´s Eve ○ 31 st of December ○ parties, champagne, fireworks ○ Auld Lang Syne ○ GB and USA ○ Big Ben GB ○ Times square USA