3 - London
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3. London − Capital city of England and the United Kingdom − Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain − It is the 9th largest city in the world and the largest city in Europe − London is first city, which hosted Summer Olympic Games three times − London is the seat of the Government of the United Kingdom − London has a temperate oceanic climate − The population is about nine milions of people − There is a lot of famous sights, like London Eye, Buckingham Palace, Tower of London, Big Ben − Tower Bridge is one of the most famous symbols of London. It can open in the middle and let large ships go through. − The Houses of Parliament are in gothic style but were built after the old building had burnt down. The only part, which escaped the fire, was Westminster Hal − St. Paul’s Cathedral is one of the largest cathedrals in the world. It stands in the City. The Cathedral is known for its Whispering Gal ery. − Whitehall is the street where the government offices are − There are various means of transport: red double-deckers, underground – the oldest in the world, 3 airports – the most important are Heathrow and Gatwick − The Heathrow Airport, London considered as the busiest airport in the world − London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway, known as the 'Tube' − The Romans were first to settle where London is today. They cal ed it Londinium. − The double-decker bus is an icon of London − The great fire in 1666 destroyed almost al the city − The official residence of the Queen is the Buckingham palace. However, the Queen prefers staying in the Windsor Castle, her home − Footbal club Chelsea