American history 1945-1960 (Cold war, McCarthy, Cuba)
Stáhnout kompletní materiál zdarma (15,03 kB)
Níže je uveden pouze náhled materiálu. Kliknutím na tlačítko 'Stáhnout soubor' stáhnete kompletní formátovaný materiál ve formátu DOCX.
AMERICAN HISTORY -1945 – America was full of self-relief - powerful nation -Cold war – relationship with soviet union developing - west Europe rebuild – Marshalls plan - affect of cold war in domestic politics – threat of communism - fear of communism – more than reality -anti-communist hysteria – fear of nuclear war - Rosenbergs– executed, 1953 - wife didn’t know – possibly shouldn’t be executed - communists are spreading their ideology each way - people betraying American way of life -McCarthyism – whole investigation process - FBI – J. Edgar Hoover – anti-communist, anti-homosexual – supporting civil rights = communism - he directed FBI operations away from mafia - helping to blacklist people, black mail - House of Representatives – committee – investigates in American activities - definition: spying for Soviet Union, having wrong opinion - HoR – damages people’s lives - McCarthy – on senate committee - home of the witch hunt =no matter what they said they would still accuse them - give names and you are saved, be a snitch bitch - early dates – they persecuted defence lawyers - 5th amendment – labelled in the media as 5th amendment communist, blacklisted, - 10-12 thousand people were fired, hundreds in jail - perjury - McCarthy – manipulating peoples fears to gain power, populist - accusation destroys you, lack of judicial awareness - Arthur Miller – play The Crucible – satire, parody of McCarthyism - piece of paper – I have list of 200 agents working for communists –paper was blank - he already made the news, people feared him - they went after homosexuals - losing job, going to jail - why they went after homosexuals?Blackmail, prejudice – threat to us - the lilac scare - a Ref scare - McCarthy’s opponent in the senate – election, his son had been caught with another man - DC – hushed up – normal procedure, if you are poor you are fucked, BUT McCarthy told: resigned your seat, we are going to expose your son, jail time etc., guy killed himself - senate had enough, put McCarthy in trial, scumbag, they broke him, somebody pointed out, they took him on - he loses money, business deals, becomes joke, drank himself to death - he manipulated fears, compulsive liar - through fear he wanted to get power - The Red Menace - sci-fi, aliens, anti-communist propaganda - Beat Generation, civil right movement – suspicious - narrowing ideas and values - real fighting against communism –Korean war – 1950-1953 - example of American intervention, China, sick of domination of other nations - U.N intervention - saved half peninsula from communism 10.3. - how to stop spread communism - direct military intervention - Korean war – precedence - information war - Espion age - spheres of influence - proxy wars - influencing governments in the third world - Domino effect = snowball effect = if Vietnam falls to communism, Laos falls too and etc. - what happens when Thailand falls, India??? -stop the spread now, our ideas and economic system will win - people want democracy - Arms race - we can’t use weapons we have – it would kill too much people - nuclear weapons – we need more than other side - why are the Americans going to moon - space race - soviet union system - soviets looking for allice - China is neutral in this conflict, in the future business with America - Gorbacov – reconstruction - transfer of power - Cold war – series of revolutions and contra revolutions - South African government - president – socialist, not communist, elected through democratic process - tortures - bloody hands - Cuba - 1958/59 - American policy of isolating - Fidel Castro – nationalizes industry - keep your enemies closer - Havana – party town - Americans lose millions in business due to nationalize industry - Scarface – Cuban immigrants - 1960/2 boats to Cuba - soviet spare of influence - ships sailing - Vietnam war - communism is spreading through Chinese influence - we go there, locals will like us, when we are going to give them freedom - failure - France – under domination, Indočína - not treating vietnamise nice - Vietnam is split - ethnic divide - Vietcong – liberaton, happenedto be communist