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Australia, New Zealand

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was a Dutch explorer and the European who discovered New Zealand in 1642. The Tasman Sea, (which separates Australia from New Zealand), Tasmania (an Australian island) and Abel Tasman NP are named after him. Which currently famous Austr alians or New Zealanders do you know? Formally, the head of state in Australia as well New Zealand is the British Queen - currently the Queen Elizabeth II. She possesses sovereign powers, but each country has its own Parliament and Government, so they are in fact independent and distinct. Both Australia and New Zealand are c onstitutional monarchies and members of the Commonwealth, a po litical community of former British colonies. It means that the hea d of both states is the British Queen, represented by a Governor-Ge neral in both countries. We can start with some basic facts about both countries... Where are they situated? The most important geographical facts... The Queen The Prime Minister Athletes Celebrities New Zealand and Australia are situated to the south-east of the South-East Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam). The Battle of Gallipoli or Uluru is an exceptional rock formation in central Australia and one of its best known natural landmarks. ...Australia and New Zealand are island countries. Aside from numerous smaller islands, Australia consists of its main island, simply called Australia, and Tasmania, an island located off the southern coast of Australia. New Zealand comprises of two major islands, the North Island and the South Island. There are many special events and people in Australia an d New Zealand's history. Lets move back to history... was one of the most tragic moments in the history of both Australia and New Zealand. It was a campaign of the First World War from 1915 to 1916 against the Turkish, who finally won the battle. Australia as well as New Zealand lost thousands of soldiers during the battle. The casualties of the Gallipoli campaign are still felt very strongly in both countries even though it happened 100 years ago. Australia is separated from Asia by the Timor Sea on the north and by the Tasman Sea from New Zealand. The capital cities of the Australia and New Zealand are Canberra and Wellington, but in both countries, there are even bigger cities. The largest city in Australia is Sydney with about 5 million residents. Parliament The Prime Ministers of both countries are the heads of governments and they are responsible to the Parliaments. The Au stralian Prime Minister is currently Malcolm Tu rnbull. In both countries, the Parliament has a major legislative role - it can change or make laws. The Australian Parliament has two Houses - the Upper House called the Senate and the Lower House called the House of Representatives. The New Zealand Parliament has only one House - the House of Representatives. The Economy James Cook was a British explorer and the first person to explore and map the east coast of Australia (in 1770). He also made the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand. Australia Day was one of the most important moments in Australian history. On the 26th of January 1788, the First Fleet of British ships arrived at Port Jackson and established a new British colony by setting up a camp and raising the Flag of Great Britain. The Year 2000 Summer Olympics was the world's most important sporting event in 2000 and was held in Sydney, the largest city of Australia. It was the second Olympic Games held in Australia after 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. Can you recommend some exceptional places in Australia or New Zealand? Abel Tasman Australia & New Zealand The Governor-General New Zealand is situated roughly 1500 kilometres east (across the Tasman Sea) of Australia. Australia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. New Zealand is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on the east and the Tasman Sea, which lies between New Zealand and Australia on the west. Together with Papua New Guinea and some other small Pacific islands and archipelagos, Australia and New Zealand constitute the smallest continent on Earth, called Oceania. By total area, Australia is the 6th largest country in the world. It has almost 24 million residents. New Zealand is about 39 times smaller and has a population of around 4.5 million. Australia's longest river is the Murray, the highest point on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko. How big are the two countries? The highest peak of New Zealand is Mount Cook at 3754 metres above the sea level. Politics and administration Some of the world's biggest moviestars are actually Australians, for example Mel Gibson, Russell Crowe, Nicole Kidman and Cate Blanchett. They all appear in Hollywood movies and some of them were given the prestigious Academy Award (Oscar). Ayers Rock New Zealand's most populous city is Auckland with almost 1,5 million residents. In both countries, Governor-Generals represent the British Queen. The Governor-General's office is similar to the presidential office in our country, so they are the de facto heads of states. With the advice of the Prime Minister they appoint ministers. They are also the Commanders-in-Chief of the Defence Forces and they have an important ceremonial role. The Government The Governments has an executive role and are responsible for the daily administration in both states. Each minister is appointed by the Governor-General based on the Prime Minister's advise. What are the most typical icons for those two countries? Rod Laver, the Australian-born former tennis player, is widely regarded as one of the greatest tennis players in the history of the sport. The centre court of the Australian Open, one of the four most prestigious tournaments in the world, is named after him. New Zealand has one of the greatest rugby players of all time, Richie McCaw, a legend, still playing for the New Zealand national rugby team. Australia as well as New Zealand are a mongst the wealthiest countries in the world and there are v ery high living standards.

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