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Canada

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Canada Canada is located in the north of the continent of North AmericaIs the second largest country in the worldIt is a confederation of 10 provinces and 3 territoriesIs part of the CommonwealthCanada has a relatively small population of 30 milionIt is a multicultural country with two official languages, English and FrenchCanada is constitutional monarchy. Currently Queen Elizabeht II. is the head of the statethe mostfamous Canadians are Celine Dion, Nelly Furtado and Jim Carreya symbol of the Canada is amaple leafnational currency –Canadian dollarthe capital city –Ottawa History Indians and Eskimos were the original inhibitants of CanadaThey came there from Asia – across the Bering Straitthousand years ago -Vikings rediscovered itin 15th century – Europeans came therename Canada – comes from Indian wordKanata – means village, community before it was called – New France thenBritish North America Geography Area is about 10 million square kilometresCanada borders in the South - with the USA in the West - Alaska in the North – Artic Ocean in the East – Pacific Oceanlargest islands – Vancouver - west, New Scotland and Newfoundland – in the East, Victoria and Baffin Islands – in the Northhighmountain ranges (all are called Cordilleras) -along the west coast in the west – Rocky Mountains - highest mountainMt. Logan the Mackenzie Mountains, the Melville Hillsthe longestriver isMackenzie other long rivers – Yukon, Columbia, St. Lawrence riverCanada is the country of lakes - more than thousands of themGreat lakes - Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, Lake Erie the largest – Lake Erie, Ontario between them are famousNiagara falls Great Bear lake, Great Slave lake Climate mostly continental warm sunny summer long cold wintersin the North - Artic climate tundra mostly uninhabitedin the Pacific coast(pobřeží) - the climate is milder (mírnější) /májldr/ Nature national animal – BeaverMoose (los), bears (polar, grizzly, black), foxes, wolves, deer (jelen) live in the forestsseals (tuleň)about thirty national parks – Jasper National Park Industry Industry includes coal(uhlí), iron ore (železná ruda), oil, natural gas (zemní plyn), cooper (měď), zinc, nickel, lead (olovo), uranium… greatest resource are forests (největší zdroj)agriculture(zemědělství) – wheat (pšenice), beef, cattle, barleyfishing – cod (treska), lobster (humr), salmonmanufacturing (výroba)– food products, machinery, wood, petroleumexported goods (vyvážené zboží)– wood, pulp, printing paper, wheatimported goods (dovážené zboží)– computers, electronic, scientific equipment People population is about 34 million people 45% British origin 30% French origin – live in the province of Quebec 20% European origin Indians (live in the villages in the prairies), Eskimos (live in the Artic regions)It is a multicultural country with two official languages, English and Frenchmost inhabitants live near the US – Canadian bordersthe most popular sport is Ice-hockey other winter sports – curling, ice skating, skiingCanada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories Nunavut the northernmost (nejsevernější) and the newest territory inhabited mostly by Inuits Cities Ottawa the capital city of Canadain Ontario Montreal the largest city -other large cities: Toronto-Toronto´s atraction include the CN Tower Winnipeg, Edmonton, Vancouver (winter Olympic games in 2010), Quebec Places of interest Niagara falls called the Horseshoe Fallsmajor /mejdžr/ (hlavní) tourist attractionon the border with the USA, 49 metres high and 1220 metres wide (more than kilometre)

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