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There are many special events and important people from Czech history. Here are some basic facts about the Czech Republic... What is the capital city? The capital city of the Czech Republic is Prague, which is also the largest city in our country with a population of about 1.3 million residents. It's located in central Bohemia. Where is it located? Government Do you know any other big cities? How big is the Czech republic? Can you name the State Symbols of the Czech republic? The Czech Republic has a total area o f almost 79 000 square kilometres, whi ch makes it similar in size to Ireland or Austria. And what about politics and the administration? The government is a major executive political body, so it takes care of the every-day administration of the state. The President of the Czech Republic is the head of state with an important role in Czech politics. His signature is usually necessary to make laws come into force. The most important facts about its geography Parliament The President Administrative system The Czech Parliament consists of two chambers. The Upper House is called the Senate and has 81 members. The Lower House - the Chamber of Deputies - has 200 seats. Athletes I would also like to recommend some exceptional places in the Czech Republic. There are for example... The Czech Republic is known to the world primarily thanks to... There are a number of Czech footballers who play in the best European football leagues, for example Petr Čech plays in English Premier League. In the famous US-Canadian ice-hockey league, the NHL, we have many great players. Probably the best is Jaromír Jágr, a active 46-year-old legend, who belongs to the very small group of the best players in the history of ice hockey. In athletics, many Czechs have won Olympic gold medals, for example Barbora Špotáková in the javelin throw, Roman Šebrle in the decathlon or Kateřina Emmons in shooting. The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe. It's bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. Much smaller, but still very important cities are for example Plzeň in western Bohemia, Brno and Olomouc in Moravia and Ostrava, which is located in Silesia. The Execution of Jan Hus The Formation of Czechoslovakia Victorious February The Prague Spring The Velvet Revolution Jan Hus Charles IV Václav Havel was a leading Czech dissident against the communist regime. He was also an internationally known playwright. Shortly after the Velvet Revolution, he became the first president of the independent Czech Republic. In this position, he served from 1993 to 2003. In 2011, he died at the age of 75. He had a close relationship with many famous politicians around the world, including the Dalai Lama, a leading Tibetan representative. Charles Bridge Prague Castle Old Town Square Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Two of most popular Czech actors, Ka rel Roden and Marek Vašut, appeared in a number of Hollywood movies with the world's greatest moviestars. The Czech Republic comprises of 14 regions, further divided into 76 districts. The head of the government is a Prime Minister, currently Andrej Babiš from the ANO 2011 movement. The Czech Republic also has many great tennis players. Tomáš Berdych, Petra Kvitová and Karolína Plíšková belong to the best players in their ranks. Petra Kvitová won two titles in the most prestigious tournament in the world - Wimbledon. Celebrities Czech singer Markéta Irglová won the Academy Award (Oscar) for "Best Original Song". She wrote the winning song "Falling Slowly" with her partner Glen Hansard. One of the most popular Czech singers, 78-year-old Karel Gott, is widely known in Germany as he performed many of his greatest hits in German. Antonín Dvořák Karlštejn Castle Hluboká castle is situated in South Bohemia and it's one of the most beautiful castles in the Czech Republic. Until 1939, it was owned by the Schwarzengbergs. Currently it's the official residence and workplace of the Czech president and the home to the Czech crown jewels. One of its parts, St. Vitus Cathedral, is the traditional place of the coronation of Czech kings. The Guinness Book of Records recognises Prague Castle, which dates back to the 9th century, as the largest ancient castle in the world. is a historic bridge which crosses the Vltava river in the heart of Prague and connects the Prague Old Town and the "Little Quarter" ("Malá Strana" in Czech). It was built during the reign of Charles IV. is a large middle-age Gothic castle, built in 1348 by Charles IV. It served as a home to the Czech crown jewels for many years. Prague has a long history and it's the most visited place by foreign tourists. Sometimes it's called the "heart of Europe". is an exceptional square in the Prague city centre. Tourists can see the Prague Astronomical Clock built in 1410 here or visit street markets during winter months. was a peaceful revolution against the communist regime, which began with public demo nstrations and protests on the 17th of November 198 9. Shortly after, in 1993, the Czech Republic was estab lished. It lies on the regions Bohemia, Moravia and partly on Silesia. was an important moment in Czech history. It happened in 1415 in Constanz. It started one of the greatest religious movements in Czech history. John Amos Comenius was accomplished in 1918, shortly aft er the end of the First World War. The main figur es of this event were Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, who became the first Czechoslovakian pres ident, Edvard Beneš and general Milan Rasti slav Štefánik. Currently, the President of the Czech Republic is Miloš Zeman. The Czech National Flag The most populous regions are Prague, the Central Bohemian Region, Moravian-Silesian Region or South Moravian Region. Both chambers of the Czech Parliamen t have legislative power, which means Senators as well as Deputies can mak e or change the laws. He is elected every 5 years. Until 201 2, he was elected by the Parliament, but now, he's elected by the citizens. The best known