Drugs-Let’s All Work To Fight Drug Abuse
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Let’s All Work To Fight Drug Abuse SMOKING AND DRUGS An important health issue for many young people is smoking. Millions of teenagers know it’s bad for them, but they still do it. Why? Some say it relaxes them when they are nervous. Others like the taste. Many say it’s a habit and they can’t stop it now. For tobacco companies cigarettes mean profit, for doctor and health organizations they mean disease. The two sides are fighting a very expensive battle. About 100 million people around the world work in tobacco industry. Cigarette-smoking kills 2.5million people every year. Many of them die of lung cancer. Some aren’t smokers. 100 billion dollars are made from cigarettes alone every year. An American tobacco company developed a healthy cigarette in the ‘70s. It was never sold. The first smokers were American Indians. Tobacco was brought to Europe by an Englishman, Sir Walter Raleigh, in the sixteenth century. The world is having a drug crisis. There are more young addicts today than ever before. There are three main kinds of drug – hard, soft and legal. They can all cause addiction, illness and even death. Hard drugs include heroin and cocaine, soft include marijuana and solvents, such as glue, and legal legal drugs include tobacco, alcohol and certain tablets. Drugs are the second biggest business in the world. Only arms business is bigger. The most important drug-growing areas are Latin America and South-East Asia. People there depend on the money made from their drug crops. Thousands of drug-addicts die every year. Some die from drugs themselves. Others die form AIDS because they use dirty needles or share needles. MARIJUANA Marijuana is one of the drugs quite easy to get. However drug researches agree that marijuana can be addictive and affects its users mentally, emotionally and physically. It is made from dried leaves and flowering tops of the marijuana plant. Marijuana is smoked in a variety of ways, most common in its hand rolled cigarette form. It is also smoked in various pipes. The smoke of marijuana has a sweet odour similar to burnt rope. The smokers have red eyes and often use eye-drops cover it up. They look like drunkards, they laugh excessively or are in a state of apathy. Regular smokers have yellowish stains on their finger tips from holding the cigarettes. Marijuana affects thinking, learning abilities, it can also produce panic, anxiety and toxic psychosis. The smoke of marijuana is fifty percent more harmful for the lungs than the smoking of common tobacco. Marijuana smoking decreases testosterone (the major male hormone) and fertility. Marijuana delays a person’s response to sights and sounds, so drivers under its influence have a very poor sense of judgement and ability to think and solve problems. The greatest danger of marijuana is that it is the gateway to further illegal drug usage. HEROIN Heroin is the most dangerous and addictive narcotic. It is not only extremely addictive, but as with other drugs, addicts often commit crimes in order to support their needs. Heroin, sometimes called black tar, mud, China white or Mexican brown, is derived from opium poppies. In its powder form, it may range in color from white to a very dark brown. It can be injected, inhaled through the nose or smoked. Under the influence of heroin, one may have constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, depression, apathy and decreased physical activity. A frequent user may often sleepy and repeatedly scratch or touch his face and nose. An overdose can cause slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin convulsions come or death. LSD LSD is an extremely powerful hallucinogen which is odourless and colorless. Slang expressions for LSD are acid, white lighting and the street expression for the duration of the hallucinogenic effect or high is a trip. As LSD is so potent, the dosage needed for a trip is incredibly small. A microscopic drop of LSD can be put on anything that can be swallowed. The trip can last from two to twelve hours. Bad trip can results in panic, paranoia, loss of control, etc. For several years after taking the drug, the hallucinogenic effect may reappear without any further dose. COCAINE, CRACK, ROCK, FREEBASE Cocaine comes from the leaves of the coca plant. It is an extremely addictive drug, and addiction can begin after first use. It produces a pleasant body sensation described as an intense rush of psychic energy, self confidence or intense sexuality. The effect is felt within ten seconds and lasts about 30 minutes, after which the user must again use it to maintain the stimulating effects which later change into anxiety, uncontrolled talkativeness, rapid heartbeat, increased pulse rate, dilated pupils, headaches, nausea, vomiting and hallucinations, particularly that ants or other insects are crawling under or on the skin (redness of skin from scratching coke bugs). Continued use can lead to depressions, suicide and death! SNIFFING There is a category of drugs called inhalants which are actually items found in our homes and they can be bought at many stores (glues, paints, polishes, various sprays and other chemicals). Many children sniff them and thus damage their health. Inhalant abuse is wide-spread here and many children have died because of sniffing. Most sniffers are teenagers and they begin sniffing between 8 and 12 years of age. The reason to start sniffing very considerably – curiosity, the desire to try it, the influence of friends, boredom, the lack of love in family life, etc. Sniffing is a kind of escape from the problems. What are the effects of sniffing? In small doses, sniffing gives a brief feeling of lightheadedness. The high is usually short (15 minutes) and this is why inhalant users sniff several times a day. Chronic sniffers damage their nasal passageways and lungs, throat, liver and their never cells. Many sniffers are very thin as they lose appetite. They become violent and always end up one of three ways – in hospital, in prison or dead. Much more could