Famous English Writer
Stáhnout kompletní materiál zdarma (27 kB)
Níže je uveden pouze náhled materiálu. Kliknutím na tlačítko 'Stáhnout soubor' stáhnete kompletní formátovaný materiál ve formátu DOC.
1 Famous English Writer Aldous Huxley The best representative of the more intellectual approach in the English novel is Aldous Huxley (1894 - 1963). A. Huxley was grandson of the great natural historian, Thomas Huxley, he brought analytical scientific methods into fiction. InAntic Hay(1923) he depicts, in a humorous way, irresponsible people who try to have fun. In his masterpiecePoint Counter Point (1928) he presents a picture of the crisis in bourgeois society. He excelled in recording the uncertainly and aimlessness of intellectuals after World War I. Influenced by Lawrence, wanted to achieve a harmonious balance between emotion and intellect, flash and reason, and in this novel he contrasts two different characters, Philip Quarles, an intellectual struggling hopelessly and tragically to acquire simple human happiness, and a well-balanced uncomplicated principles Mark Rampion, who lives a full and happy life. The plots in Huxley's novels only form the background and are not all-important. Growing up amidst purely intellectual family, Huxley understood that an exclusive concentration on intellectual activity tends to hinder genuine human happiness. In his Utopian fantastic novelsBrave New World (1932) aBrave New World Revisited (1958), he creates a dreadful vision of a future world where children are produced by chemical ingredients. He criticised and satirises beliefs in a mechanical world. His last science-fiction novelApe and Essence (1948), is protest against atomic war, a vision of twenty-second century when people return to primitive life after the world was destroyed by atomic bombs. Geoge orwell George Orwell (1903 - 1950) was important prosaist, journalist and essayist. His real name was Eric Blair but since 1930 he used the pseudonym Orwell (a name of an English river). He was born in India into a family of English civil servants. He was sent back to England to be educated at Eton, a prestigious a school for rich boys, so as a scholarship student, he felt the weight of his lower social status. After Eton he went to Burma, where he joined the Imperial Police. His discomfort in this service is captured in his famous essayShooting the Elephant (1950) and his novelBurmese Days (1934). Orwell felt sympathy for people of lower economic classes. He struggled to survive at low-paying jobs, first in Paris later in London. These experiences are displayed in his next autobiographic novel Down and Out in Paris and London (1933). He sympathised with the socialists, and participated as a volunteer in the Spanish Civil War, on the side of Republicans. He dedicated his documentary bookHomage to Catalonian (1938) to them. However, he was not a follower of any political party; he took an independent view and was sceptical of communismus as well as of capitalism. He continued to write novels, essays, and political journalist during the 1930s and 1940s. His most famous books are the political allegories of Stalinism -Animal Farm (1945) and the anti-utopianNineteen-Eighty-Four (1949).Animal farm is a modern fable. Orwell satirises the events of the Russian revolution and the subsequent rise to power of the communist dictatorship. The farm represents the land that was a symbol of Soviet Union. Farmer Jones (the czar) frankly exploits the farm animals (the people), because he has always done so and he feels that he is right. When animals are driven to revolt, they are led by the intelligent pigs. The plot parallels historical events: the idealistic revolution, the establishment of secret police (the dogs), forced civilisation of the farm and the exploration of the workers, as represented by the horse Boxer. The leader-pig Napoleon has become more like the old farmer, even walking on his hind legs, while the enslaved animals live in despair. The revolutionary doctrine that"All animals are equal" has been corrupted to "Some animals are more equal than others". Nineteen-Eighty-Four describes England under a dictatorship of mechanised bureaucracy. It is a story of Winston Smith, the men who unsatisfied with the system, but he has no chance and finally is his personality absolutely destroyed. He shows totality as it really is, with all of its atrocities and nonsense. He died from tuberculose in 1950. Charles Dickens Charles Diclens was born in 1812 and he was the main leader of an English realism. He grew up in a very poor family. His parents had problems with police, because they owe money for accommodation. His father was small official and he was arrested in jail for debtors. Also his mother was later arrested so he had to earn money for living in age of twelve. He was working in shoe shop. Because of his childhood he was usually writing about children without home and family. He usually derived from his own experience. His famous books where is a child as a hero are Oliver Twist, David Copperfield. His first book was Chronicle of a Pickwick club. In this book he criticised jails and poorhouses and social rates. This book brought him popularity and he became famous. Now I would like to speak about his well-known book and it’s called Oliver Twist. This book is also known as The Adventures of Oliver Twist. The main hero is a small boy, a son of unknown parents. He is bringing up in poorhouse and he has to suffer from cruelty and hunger. He tries to escape and he is successful. He travel to London and he joined there crime guild. The leader is Fagin and the best thieves are Ferina and Bill. He is trying to be without crime. Once they are doing small thievery and innocent Oliver is arrested. Before he is sentenced Mr. Brownlow rescues him. However he is again abducted with his old guild. He stays with his friends. In the next action he is wounded and he stays on the venue. Mrs. Roza finds there small Oliver and she helps him. Oliver is very satisfied with this care. The guild try again to abduct Oliver but they are arrested and executed. Mr. Brownlow adopts Oliver and he become the heir.