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Maturitní otázka: IMPORTANT PEDAGOGUES
IMPORTANT PEDAGOGUES In the history of pedagogy there were many important people who changed the face of this subject diametrically. I would like to tell you something about at least few of them. JAN ÁMOS KOMENSKÝ(JOHN AMOS COMENIUS) - our most important pedagogue; well known around the world as well as in our country Biography - birth – 28thMarch 1592; near Uherský Brod - he became an orphan when he was four – his aunt nurtured him - he started school in his 16, then he studied in Germany - he was married three times and had six children, but only four of them survived - in 1628 he had to exile to Lešno with his family - he spent few years in England and Sweden where he was writing, teaching and introducing his work - he lived in Lešno until it was burned - death – 1670 in Amsterdam Opinions educational aim to know yourselfto control yourselfto rise to the God Work Didactica Magna(The Great Didactic) - how to teach Orbis Pictus(The Visible Word in Pictures) -the most renowned and most widely circulated of school textbooks - first successful application of illustrations to the work of teaching, though not, as often stated, the first illustrated book for children Labyrint světa a ráj srdce (Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heard) -satirical allegory - the world is portrayed as a city which resembles a labyrinth, entered by a pilgrim (the narrator and author himself) MARIA MONTESSORI - an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name Biography -August 31, 1870 - the first woman as a doctor of medicine in Italy – hard studies (nobody believed that a woman could do it) -Because her attendance of classes with men in the presence of a naked body was deemed inappropriate, she was required to perform her dissections of cadavers alone, after hours. - after some time she focused on the education of mentally handicapped children - she started with education of healthy children Main ideas -Help me to do it myself – the main credo of Montessori pedagogy - Absolute teaching– the complex of physical and mental activity Work Antropologia Pedagogica(Pedagogical Anthropology)Education for a New WorldThe Child in the Family