Modern Ways of Communication
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15 – MODERN WAYS OF COMMUNICATION Communication is commonly defined as an “interchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs". Although there is such a thing as one-way communication, communication is more effective as a two-way process in which there is an exchange and progression of thoughts, feelings or ideas towards a common goal or solution that is accepted by all parts. Verbal communication is one way for people to communicate face-to-face. Some of the key components of verbal communication are sounds, words, speaking, and language. Nonverbal communication is important as well, because it specifies the contentand helps the other to understand us better. Most modern ways of communication don’t allow that except for video calls and even those are limited. People used to communicate over a long distance using smoke signals, envoys and then letters. Letters are relics nowadays. People usually only send postcards or documents using the post. I personally don’t like the local post office very much, because they always lose or damage my packages. There are about 5 books they ruined already. Then, people sent telegrams using electrical signals and morse code. A very important invention is the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, as it allowed us to communicate more. I mean, by allowing us to hear our voices, we can know whether the other person is joking/sarcastic or not. One sentence can have many different meanings depending on the stress: I never said she stole my bike. The capabilities of cell phones have continued to increase since their introduction in the late 1980s. The main role of the cell phone is the ability to make phone calls. The other important function is texting. An SMS, or short messaging service is a type of communication used in mobile phones. They are more commonly called 'text messages'. With SMS, someone can send text to another person. Text messages are often sent between phone users when an actual phone call is not wanted or needed. For example, they may be used in a situation where silence is needed, or to send something private that one person does not want people near them to hear. Message price depends on the phone network of the user. Some mobile phone plans allow for unlimited texting. In addition to basic text messaging and wireless phone conversations, many cell phones enable their users to send and receive email, pictures and recorded videos. Bluetooth technology has further increased the communicative value of cell phones, allowing talkers to carry on their conversations hands-free with the use of a small, one-sided headset. One of the most recent invention is the internet. I tis a network of computers, the protocols were created by sir berns lee, it was first used in the military and the universities. Nowadays it allows us to browse websites and receive almost an unlimited amount of entertainment and informations. There are many new trends arising because of that. Communication over the internet is more common these days Although email is not brand new, there are definitely new and innovative ways of accessing this tool remotely and without the usage of a computer. Many PDAs and cell phone services offer access to email, with the capability of sending and receiving messages from the devices themselves. This technology can be extremely helpful for those who must stay in constant communication with family members, co-workers or other acquaintances without being bound to larger computers or laptops. Skype is a downloadable software that enables users to make free phone calls and send messages via the Internet. The service also offers video phone calling, allowing users to watch each other in real time while they speak. Use of Skype's free features requires a broadband Internet connection as does its paid features. Both businesses and private individuals have benefited from the convenience and immediacy of Skype's communication tools. Instant messaging (or IMing) enables users to communicate with each other on the Internet via short written (or sometimes spoken) messages delivered almost immediately after the content is created. Instant messaging is a less cumbersome form of email as well as a faster way of facilitating complete conversations in real time. MSN, Yahoo, Facebook and America Online are a few of the services that offer messaging tools and programs for their users. The most popular IM program in Europe is ICQ. ICQ features include offline user messaging, multi-user chats, free daily-limited SMS sending, resumable file transfers, greeting cards, multiplayer games and a searchable user directory. Users can use emoticons while chatting with other users. Facebook is a social networking service and website. Facebook has over one billion active users. Users may make a personal profile, add other users as friends, and send messages. Facebook users must register before using the site. Users may join user groups. These groups can be for a workplace, school or college, or other interest. The name of the service comes from the name for the book given to students at the start of the school year by some universities in the United States. These books help students get to know each other better. Facebook allows any users who say they are at least 13 years old to become users of the website. Facebook was started by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates. The website's membership was only for Harvard students at first. Later it included other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It eventually opened for students at other universities. After that, it opened to high school students, and, finally, to anyone aged 13 and over. Twitter is a popular social networking site created in 2008. While the concept is not unlike similar social sites such as MySpace and Facebook, Twitter is unique in that users can write (or "tweet") messages from either their computer or cell phone in short, concise updat