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was one of the most tragic days in the history of the United States. Al-Qaeda terrorists took control of 4 airplanes. They crashed two of them into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, one plane was crashed into the Pentagon (Headquarters of the US Department of Defense) and one crashed into a field. The attacks killed totally almost 3 000 people. Consequently, U.S. president George Bush announced the beginning of the Global War on Terror and sent U.S. troops into Iraq. Here are some basic facts about the USA... W hat is the capital city? The capital city of USA is Washington D.C. It has a population of about 650 000 p eople and it's located in the District of Colum bia. Although Washington is named after G eorge Washington, the first American presid ent, and it has a long history, it's only the 23rd largest city in the States. In the city or nearby, there are the headquarters of the major U.S. autho rities. W here is it situated? United States of America Do you know any other big cities? How big is the USA? W hat is the meaning of the symbols on the American flag? The USA is one of the biggest and most populous countries in the world. In the official ranking, it's the third most populous country in the world with more than 320 million people (after China and India). The total area of the USA is almost 10 million square kilometres. And w hat about politics and admi nistration? The American president is elected by US citizens for 4 years (two times maximum). Th e USA is a federal presidential republic, so the pr esident appoints the members of the Cabinet (government). From 2017, the presid ent of the USA is Donald Trump, American busin essman and entrepreneur. Here are the most important facts about its geography P arliament The P resident The administrative system and th e most important American states The US Parliament is called Congress and is made up of the Senate (Upper house) and the House of Representatives (Lower house). 535 congressmen meet in the United States Congress. 100 of them are senators and the rest are representatives. Athletes There are some exceptional places in the USA, for example... Celebrities W hich current famous Americans do you know ? America has one of the most successful and richest sportsmen in the world - Tiger Woods - famous golf player and winner of numerous tournament titles. Michael Jordan is a retired basketball player, best known for his successful career in the Chicago Bulls in the NBA (National Basketball Association). One of the best tennis players of all time is Andre Agassi, 1996 Olympic gold medallist and one of seven tennis players in history who won all 4 Grand Slams. The United States is situated in North America between Canada to the north, Mexico and the Caribbean to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The United States consist of 50 states and a separate federal district - the D istrict of Columbia - where Washington D.C. is situated. All states except Hawaii a re located on the north-american contine nt. Hawaii, also the newest state from 1959, is located in the middle of Pacif ic Ocean. There are also 14 territories outside of the continent - mostly in th e Pacific Ocean or the Caribbean. The largest city is New York with a population of more than 8 million. The second largest city is Los Angeles, located in California, and third place is occupied by Chicago (Illinois). Other cities, not the biggest, but those of high importance, are for example Detroit, Philadelphia, Houston, San Diego, San Francisco, Las Vegas or Seattle. George W ashington Declaration of I ndependence Martin Luther King The Assassination of JFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy Thomas Alva Edison The Moon Landing The 50 white stars represent all 50 current American states, including Hawaii and Alaska. The 13 stripes stand for the first 13 states (British colonies), that became independent and were the founding states of the USA. American Civil W ar Neil Armstrong 11th September 2001 The capitol, located in Washington D.C., is the seat of the United States Congress. It was built in 1800. The Grand Canyon is one of the greatest natural wonders of the world and is a very popular tourist sight. We can find it in Arizona and the Colorado river flows through it. was a war between northern and southern American states, which lasted 5 years fro m 1861 to 1865. The most important issue was slavery. Southern states were earning a lot of m oney from cotton plantations, where African slaves worked, but northern states wanted to aboli sh slavery throughout the United States. During the war between "North" and "South" more tha n 600 000 soldiers died, but finally the democratic "North" won. The Statue of Liberty is a famous 93-meter high sculpture visited by more than 3 million tourists each year. It is on Liberty Island in New York City. Former bodybuilder and Austrian-born actor Arnold Schwarzenegger is one of the best known American celebrities. From 2003 to 2011, he was also the Governor of California. He appeared in many action films, but his major role was Terminator (1984). Controversial, but one-of-a-kind personality - Michael Jackson, was a singer and the author of many popular songs, who received many prizes, including 13 Grammy Awards. He died in 2009, but he is still one of the best selling musicians in the world. The White House, located in Washington D.C., is the official residence of the U.S. president since 1800. Abraham Lincoln Thomas Jefferson The Great Lakes is a group of lakes on the Canada-United States border in the northeastern USA. It contains Lake Superior, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron and Lake Erie. In the west, there is a major mountain range called "The Rocky Mountains", where we can find many popular ski resorts. The highest point of the United States is Mount McKinley, situated in Alaska, at 6 168 metres above sea level. The longest river is the Missouri at 3 767 kilometres long. was a wid