1 - The UK
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1. The UK BASIC FACTS − The UK is located between the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean − It is a part of Europe, but it lies on an archipelago cal ed the British Isles − The population of the UK is nearly 63 million − English is the major language in the UK − The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of 4 countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland POLITICS − The UK is a part of the British Commonwealth − It is a constitutional monarchy − The head of state is the monarch Queen Elizabeth II − The head of the government is the Prime Minister − The parliament of the UK consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons CITIES − The capital city of the UK is London • It is also the capital of England • It is in the south–east of the UK − Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland • It is on the east coast in the northern part of the UK − Cardif is the capital of Wales • It is in the south–west of the island of Great Britain − Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland • It is in the north–east of the island of Ireland GEOGRAPHY − The country occupies the island of Great Britain, approximately one-sixth of the island of Ireland and several minor islands such as the Shetland Islands, the Orkney Islands and the Isle of Man − There are stunning national parks such as the Lake District National Park in England, the Loch Lomond national park in Scotland and the Snowdonia National Park in Wales − The UK has temperate climate and there is a lot of rainfall al year round − Ben Nevis in Scotland, with its 1,344 metres above sea level, is the highest point in the UK THE PEOPLE OF THE UK − Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings and Normans were the peoples who successively settled the British Isles − The population of the UK mostly consists of the English, then the Scottish, Welsh and Irish − Nowadays, particularly big cities in the UK are known for their multiculturalism WILDLIFE − The Puffin is a bird which occupies the Scottish coasts in spring and summer − The red deer is a large ruminant which is abundant in the UK, particularly in Scotland − The roe deer is another ruminant which is plentiful in the UK FAMOUS PEOPLE − One Direction is a popular boy band which comes from the UK − Rowan Atkinson is a famous actor and comedian best known as Mr Bean POPULAR SPORTS − Football, which was invented there, is the most popular sport in the UK − People in the UK also enjoy cricket, golf, rugby, which were all also invented in the UK.