Jak Začít?

Máš v počítači zápisky z přednášek
nebo jiné materiály ze školy?

Nahraj je na studentino.cz a získej
4 Kč za každý materiál
a 50 Kč za registraci!




11. Music and youth culture

DOCX
Stáhnout kompletní materiál zdarma (254,04 kB)

Níže je uveden pouze náhled materiálu. Kliknutím na tlačítko 'Stáhnout soubor' stáhnete kompletní formátovaný materiál ve formátu DOCX.

11. Music and Youth Culture profile: The 60s, Politicised Youth Movements, Media Amplification, Post-modernism and Drug culture state: The British of the Teenager and Consumerism/An Overview of Youth Subculture “In conventional pop-culture narratives, thecreation myth of The Teenager goes something like this: the period between the onset of puberty and the attainment of full maturity was always a shabby, uncomfortable refugee camp located on the border separating childhood and adulthood, until the simultaneous arrival of youthful affluence and Elvis Presley. At this point the Teenager was suddenly born, armed with a wallet full of cash and underwear full of raging hormones, demanding cultural control of the Western world.” (The Independent,Charles Shaar Murray,Friday, 27 April 2007) as the above quote notes puberty has always been a difficult time but the creation of the teenage as a distinct group quite separate from both children and adults is a post-war development which came because of anincrease in affluence(zvýšený blhaobyt)/spending power and leisure timeas well as a slightly more relaxed attitude to relationships between the sexesuntil the birth of amass consumerist society where teenagers could define themselves differently through fashion it was not possible for teenagers to assert their individuality and identityAmerican sociologist – 1920‘/30‘founded the wordteenager, difference between the age of 12 and 13Teenage identity – lifestylechoices (smoking, different music taste – “I’m separate”, fashion – sexuality – sexy/tough, piercing, tattooing) make-up, going against the mainstream – political choices etc.)transgressions (breaking the rules) what is needed? Freedomuntil the 1950s, the teenager as we know them now did not exist on mass though we can find some movement towards it (Jazz 1920/30s)the birth of the teenager also saw the birth of youth culture and youth subcultures.youth culture is a subculture defined by lifestyle, music and fashionEarly 50’, USA: youth culture started – Post war economic boom: working class people and young people has more money to spend, increase in youthful affluence and spending power Increase in leisure time(people have more free time – less hours in school and work, free days) Liberalization of social norms: gender and gender roles: during WW2 women had to go and dominate the industries, women are not pushed back into being at home and in the kitchen (which happened after WW1) Youth culture is a subculture defined by lifestyle, music and fashion. Originally it was often rebellious, anti-establishment and intentionally shocking. In the period between the 1960s and 1980s, it was also often politically defined; this political content becoming less and less important into the 1990s. This may in part be because of a change in social values. What was shocking in 1955 is no longer or less shocking now especially regarding attitudes to sex and marriage, soft drug use, social behaviour and many other areas. Originally it was often rebellious, anti-establishment and intentionally shocking. In the period between the 1960s and 1980s, it was also often politically defined; this political content becoming less and less important into the 1990s. This may in part be because of a change in social values. What was shocking in 1955 is no longer or less shocking now especially regarding attitudes to sex and marriage, soft drug use, social behaviour and many other areas. Consumer target group(young people) –fashion, music, film industry →1st youth culture (inoffensive, bland, conservative) based around rock n’ rollrebellion, looking cool, not being in the mainstream, but still looking like all of the cool people (irony, paradox)1st rock n’ roll music isblack music (bad for tv, fashion, film industry) – it’s still illegal to have interracial marriage→ they make white version out of it soon enough (rock around the clock)James Dean – first film star,Rebel without a cause– empty acts of rebellionChuck Berry – black, but the best guitarist – but he has the wrong skin colourElvis Presley – a threat to the morality, people were scared of him back in the days,Jailhouse rock,film star, rock n’ roll star, he was a white trash from deep south, extremely masculine, what was so troubling about him: showing so much flesh, sexual moves, his voice doesn’t sound white (you sing like a black person x black people:he stole our music) - the world is still really conservative, he was a supported of the Vietnam war, he is very mainstream though.The beat generation – directly challenging the mainstream (materialism, marriage, monogamy) Jack Kerouac -On the road -you don’t have to do what your parents do, slightly homoerotic under the surface, be free Inspired masses The counter(=to oppose) culture= hippies Political activists Alternative lifestyle Hedonism Cleardance clearwater – revival-fortunate son(about unfairness) Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (movie),Easy rider(Born to be wild) People are questioning things (Vietnam war → USA is supplying the guns and soldiers) John Lennon – massive fan of EP and R’n’R The Beatles Sexual revolution Women – child outside the marriage→ a problem, getting the child taken from her, mental institute, objectified Birth control saved the women, abortion was legalized in the late 70’s, they can finally have control over their sexual and romantic lives Feminism – against men’s oppression, civil rights movements, explosion of literature originally it was oftenrebellious,anti-establishment andintentionally shockingin the period between the 1960s and 1980s, it was also often politically defined; this political content becoming less and less important into the 1990sthis may in part be because of a change in social valueswhat was shocking in 1955 is no longer or less shocking now especially regarding attitudes tosex and marriage,soft drug use, social behaviour and many other areasin America, the first semi politicised youth subculture werethe Beats orbeatnik

Témata, do kterých materiál patří