24. Contemporary global issues
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24. Contemporary Global Issues profile: War Conflicts, Terrorism, Immigration state: Environmental Protection CONFLICTS The Afghanistan conflict is a series of wars that has been fought in Afghanistan since 1978. Starting with the Saur Revolution military coup, an almost continuous series of armed conflicts has dominated and afflicted Afghanistan. The wars include The Soviet–Afghan War, Afghan Civil War (1989–92), Afghan Civil War (1992–96), Afghan Civil War (1996–2001), United States invasion of Afghanistan and then The War in Afghanistan (2001–present) is the continuous incumbent war in Afghanistan, where the main conflict consists of Afghan Army troops, backed by additional United States troops, fighting against insurgents of the Taliban, and later also ISIS. NATO has also been involved in this war. It has been estimated that 1,405,111 to 2,084,468 lives have been lost since the start of the conflict… The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing multi-sided civil war in Syria fought between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, along with domestic and foreign allies, and various domestic and foreign forces opposing both the Syrian government and each other in varying combinations. The war is currently the second deadliest of the 21st century. Trump authorized the killing of Iranian Soleimani. 2020 it could raise in huge conflict. Iran wanted revenge REFUGEE CRISIS Refugee crisis was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.The migrant crisis was part of a pattern of increased immigration to Europe from other continents. Between January 2015 and March 2016 the top three nationalities among over one million Mediterranean Sea arrivals were Syrian refugees (46.7%), Afghan refugees (20.9%) and Iraqi refugees (9.4%). Opposition to immigration in many European countries appeared to result partly from the socio-economic threat they were perceived to represent The majority of people arriving in Italy and Greece especially have been from countries mired in war Syrian war, War in Afghanistan, Iraqi conflict or which otherwise are considered to be 'refugee-producing' and for whom international protection is needed MIGRATION It is quite obvious why are people migrating poverty, wars, discrimination, economic reasons, quality of life… TERRORISM Charlie Hebdo most toutching for us Europeans, most known, most extreme, most shocking…Two brother on Janary 7. 2015 murdered almost whole editorail staff of Charlie Hebdo bcs they were doing cartoons about Islam and muslims in not very nice way making fun of the ,,stupidity“ of some habits etc… POPULISM AND OTHER Populism UK Brexit, USA Trump, CZ A. BabišFires Siberia, AustraliaFloods England, USpolution in China… Global climate change vs Global warming “Climate change” refers to the increasing changes in the measures of climate over a long period of time – including precipitation, temperature, and wind patterns.What causes global climate change? Human activities: deforestation (by burning), greenhouse gases, burning fossil fuels The planet is warming itself – natural Transportation→ emissions (airplanes, merchant ships, cars x train – the best option) Beef cattle farming: Cows produce CH4, using a lot of water, fertilizers What are the impacts? Rising temperatures → ice melting→ rising of sea levels, land under sea Drought Forest fires People and animals have to migrate Impact on human health Quick changes of weather (tornadoes, floods) What can be done about it? Stop using one-use items Stop using plastic things Reduce the waste Supporting the local farmers etc. Secondhand Stop eating (or just start reducing) meat and dairyClimatologist Observes climate changes, someone who is studying climate IPCC Intergovernmental panel for climate change Trustworthy and reliable organization Annual reportsDeniers People that don’t believe in climate changingAlarmists someone who focuses on the doom scenariosGreta Thunberg young girl with Asperger’s syndrome who started the whole movement against climate changes, she alarms people about the problem, she shares her opinions and studies about the problem She strikes every Friday in front of parliament She has public speeches and also at the OSN etc.Fridays for Future/school strike for the climate Started by Greta Protests of students – they skip school to alert government about the climate changes – to start acting 1,5°C To prevent irreversible changes Paris agreement 2015 To not step over the increase of temperature by 1,5 °C by the end of the centuryhttps://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/global-warming-effects/ (2. video je shrnutí tohoto handoutu)