5. Maturitní téma - United States
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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Capital city: Washington D.C. (D.C. = Direct of Columbia) Other important cities: New YorkPhiladelphia - Declaration of IndependenceMiamiLos Angeles - Holywood, film industryLas Vegas - casinos, slot machines, gamblingSan Francisco - Golden Gate BridgeBoston - Harvard university, city of universitiesSeatle - Boeing is produced thereNew Orleans - home town of JAZZ and BLUESDetroit/Chicago - car Geographic position: The country is situated in the middle of the North American continent. Between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. It borders Canada, Mexico and Russia Area: US occupies the area of 9.3 mil. sq. km Subdivision: 50 states - each of theme has got it´s own government and legislation. Population: US has something about 300 mil. inhabitants. Many of theme are of European descent and of African descent. There are also large Hispanic community and people from Russia, Poland, Asia etc. Symbols: flag - On the top left corner, on the blue background is 50 stars. These stars represent the 50 states of the US. 13 stripes (red and white) which represent the founding colonies.currency - american dollareagleanthemconstitution Political system: a federal republic president Barack Obama strong and powerfull head of the army and the government is elected by peoplegovernment ministry = departmentthe Congress the Senate (100 representatives) House of representatives (435 members) Parties: the Democratsthe Republicans Religion Protestantsother - Jewish, Islam... International organization: US belongs to - NATO (=North Atlantic Treaty Organization) - NATO is an organization, which protect the members countries before the potencial attack by the thirdth countries.G8 (=eight most economically developed country)UN (=United Nations)WTO (=World Trade Organization) Industries and agriculture: products of pride cars - car industry (Dodge, Ford...) Boeing - air craft industry IT (Microsoft, Apple, IBM...) Si -> semiconductors -> mobil... pharmaceutical industry (pils...) film, food, clothes and oil industryagriculture eastern part strong agriculture Climate: large country => several climatic zones subtropical climate in the South (SE)dry and desert areas in central Americacolder areas in the Northcontinental climate x oceanic climate (more rain, stable temperature) Landscape: western part -> mountaineas/hilly/highlandseastern part -> lowlandsthe Rocky mountains / the Rockiesthe Sierra Nevadathe Appelachian mountainsMt. McKinley in Alaska - 6 194 mMissoury, Chio, Mississippi, Yukon, Colorado, Rio Grandebetween USA and Canada is border lakes (Rio Grande) History: landbridge between Siberia and Alaska1492 - Christopher Columbus discovered New Worldthe North American continent was colonized by the British/Spanish/French/Dutch1775 - 13 colonies declared independence7 December 1941 - Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor1945 - the US dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and 3 days later on Nagasaki, Japan Places of interest: Harvard University Harvard University was founded in 1636 and is the oldest university in the United States. Harvard located in Cambridge and Harvard is one of the most prestigious universities in the United States. As a private University is also a member of the Ivy League. Harvard is one of the most prestigious schools in the world. Regularly placed on top of the ranking of the world's best universities. With Harvard, relates many famous people, historical and contemporary. At Harvard University, studied eight U.S. presidents, and only since 1965, gained its staff and alumni 38 Nobel Prizes.Hollywood Walk of Fame Hollywood Walk of Fame is a sidewalk on Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street in Los Angeles. There is more than 2,000 five-pointed stars with names and surnames of celebrities of movie, music and television. The first star is for the actress Joanne Woodward. Sidewalk company caters to the Hollywood Historic Trust. Terms that are needed to obtain the star, are agreed to organize the ceremony and pay $ 25 000 (about 450 000 CZK) to this ceremony.