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5. The UK

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5. The UK The official name of Great Britain is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and it’s a state located on the British Isles in the Atlantic Ocean, northwest of continental Europe. It is part of Europe but separated from France by the English Channel. The UK is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. Geography and climate Great Britain is the largest of the British Isles and Northern Ireland is the smallest. Southern Ireland is a republic and it’s not a part of the United Kingdom. Apart from it, the UK occupies part of the island of Ireland and numerous other small islands. The north and north-west of the country are more mountainous[mauntns], while the south and east have softer rolling hills and flat lands. The longest river is the River Severn, flowing through Wales and England, followed by the River Thames. The mild climate means that there are no real weather extremes. Winters are milder than they would normally be because of the warming effect of the North Atlantic drift (The Gulf Stream). Summers are sometimes hot but 50 per cent of the year the skies are cloudy and overcast. For UK is also typical, that is raining all year long. Population The UK is a very populated country with over 60 million people. The main language spoken is English, but there are lots of regional dialects (accents) across the country. Gaelic is spoken in some areas of Scotland, and Welsh is the second language spoken in Wales. Political system Queen Elizabeth II is head of the constitutional monarchy andthe government is responsible to her for its decisions.(vláda se jí zodpovídá ze svých rozhodnutí)She is also Head of the Protestant Church of England. Theresa May is currently Prime Minister. Many decisions for the UK are made in London through the Parliament, consisting of the elected House of Commons and the un− elected House of Lords. Recently there has been a process calleddevolution. This means that Scotland now has its own parliament in Edinburgh and there is a National Assembly for Wales in Cardiff. The establishment of anAssembly (shromáždění) for Northern Ireland in Belfast is still under discussion because of problems with the peace process. Holidays - interesting The UK doesn't have special holidays apart from Christmas, New Year and Easter. There are single day 'bank holidays' in May and August. Cities London is the capital city of the United Kingdom, a major financial, political, cultural, educational and fashion centre. Central London is full of places of interest, historical buildings, museums and galleries. Many tourists come to London to visit places connected with the royal family, such as Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London and Kensington Palace.Lovers of modern architecture can admire buildings by the famous contemporary architect Norman Foster. London also offers many parks to relax in, such as St. James’s Park, Hyde Park or Kensington Gardens. Oxfordand Cambridge are famous university towns, and their universities are among the oldest in the world. Even if you are not a student, you can enjoy the old architecture of the colleges and their special atmosphere. Brighton is a famous seaside resort south of London. It’s popular because of the famous Brighton Beach and the exotic-looking Royal Pavilion, which is a royal palace built in the early 19th century in Indian style, with Chinese decorations inside for the king as a place for his parties. Liverpool draws thousands of music fans every year as it is the place where The Beatles were formed. In the past, it used to be a very important port, and a part of the city centre with the docks is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Brexit, government, Royalties (monarchy = outdated form of government) Landmarks and cultural highlights Turning points in the British history Famous personalities – art, music, actors, etc. Countries within the UK and their symbols, traditions, other specifies

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