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Maturitní témata AJ 2019/2020 PRAGUEAUSTRALIANEW ZEALANDUNITED KINGDOM AND NORTHER IRELANDWATER TOURISMČESKÝ KRUMLOVWINTER TOURISMSUMMER TOURISMSOUTH BOHEMIAN REGIONTRANSPORT IN TOURISMPROGRAMM FOR A GROUP OF TOURISTSTŘEBOŇČESKÉ BUDĚJOVICE 1. PRAGUE thecapital city andlargest city in the Czech Republicthe population: 1,3 million peoplesituated in central Bohemia on the VltavaRiverit´s the seat of government as well as the commercial and cultural centreone of the most important destinations in the Czech Republic HISTORY 9th century– the city was established and became seat of Czech princes and kings of Bohemia14th century– Prague became the 2nd– Charles IV–made the city as the capital of his whole Empire – founded Charles University, St. Vitus Cathedral, Charles Bridge.. 19th century– collected by Czech people)1918– the capital of independent Czechoslovakia1993– the capital of the Czech Republic Praguedistricts The old centre consists of 5 historical districts: Old Town (right bank of the Vltava river) New Town (right bank of the Vltava river) Josefov (the former Jewish Town) The Lesser Quarter (left bank of the Vltava river) Hradčany (left bank of the Vltava river) Places of interest Charles Bridge– unique Baroque statues on the bridgeOld Town Square – historical events –the Old Town Hall, astronomical clock, memorial of Jan Hus Estates Theatre –the world premiere of Mozart´s opera Don Giovanni took place thereNerudova Street–At The Two Suns - Jan Neruda used to live there, today it´s a famous pubCathedral of St. Vitus– coronation jewels)Vyšehrad –– national cemetery – K. Čapek, A. Dvořák, B. Smetana are buriedPetřín Hill –viewing tower Shopping facilities lot of shops with souvenirs for tourists in the town centre–usually sell T-shirts with printed pictures of Prague, cups, huts…however, there are also big shopping centres in Prague–fashion shops, fast food restaurants, sports shops etc. Culture in Prague The National Theatre–built in the 19th or dramaNational Gallery– spread out in more buildingsNationalMuseum– mineral, archaeological and zoological collections Transport in Prague public transport–trams, city buses and the undergroundairport Václava Havla 2. AUSTRALIA area: more than 7,5 million km2capital city: Canberrapopulation: 25,5 million inhabitantsofficial language: English GEOGRAPHY between the Indian andthe Southern Pacific Oceanthe smallest continent in the world, but the world's sixth largest countrythe driest inhabited continent on Earth HISTORY the original Australians called Aborigines came from Asia1770 - the eastern coast was explored by British Captain James Cookbecame a penal colony (prisoners were kept there)19th century – the transports of prisoners stoppedbeginning of 20th federated as sovereign states WILDLIFE unique wildlifetypical animals – kangaroo, koala bear, dingotypical fauna – grass and eucalyptus treescan be found 7 out of 10 of the most poisonous snakes in the world PLACES OF INTEREST – Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour BridgeMelbourne – 2nd largest cityTasmania – island stateAyers Rock (Uluru) – the– listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site –the biggest coral reef in the worldThe Twelve Apostles – now only 8 3. NEW ZEALAND population: almost 5 millioncapital: Wellingtonofficial languages: English, Maori, NZ sign languagecurrency: New Zealand dollarNZ is a constitutional monarchy GEOGRAPHY consists of 2 islands that are located in the South Pacific: South Island, North Island + about 600 smaller islands divided into 16 regions/73 districtsbeautiful scenery: volcanoes, caves, deep glacial lakes, fjords, long sandy beaches, high mountains… PEOPLE New Zealanders are calledKiwisMaori are native people of Polynesian origin HISTORY the first residents were people from Polynesia (these were most likely the ancestors of the Maori population)9th century – Maori people 17th – he arrived in South Island, but he was attacked by Maori people 18th century – James Cook made the first map of both islands, declared NZ as the property of GB 19th century – North Island became a British colony 20th century – NZbecame formally independent PLACES OF INTEREST Wellington -the capital city, seat of Parliament Auckland - the largest city, most populous, economic centreBay of Islands– on North Island, a cove with little islands in it, important tourist destinationCathedral Cove– on North Island, natural rock archway, beaches, in The Chronicles of NarniaWhite Island– volcanic islandKoekohe Beach– there are stones formed by ancient sea-floor sediments SYMBOLS Maori Haka Dance – it´s characterized by stomping, loud chanting and aggressive body movementsKiwi = flightless bird, national symbol since 19th century Koekohe Beach White Island Kiwifruit – major export earner (30% of market with kiwis is from NZ) Cathedral Cove 4. UNITED KINGDOM AND NORTHER IRELAND official name: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandBritish Isles: GB, Ireland and 600 islands (Orkney islands,the Shetlands, the Hebrides)GB: England (London), Wales (Cardiff), Scotland (Edinburgh)Ireland: Northern Ireland (Belfast), Republic of Ireland (Dublin)population– almost 70 million peoplenational flag– the Union Jacknational anthem– “God save the Queen”political system– Constitutional monarchy, Queen Elisabeth II. GEOGRAPHY is located in north-west Europe on British Islesis separated from the European continent (France) by the English Channelit consists of 4 countries – England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Irelandcountry is surrounded by many seas – the North Sea, the Irish Sea and Atlantic Oceanthe longest rivers – the Severn, the Thames (which flows through London into the North Sea)the largest lakes – Loch Ness, Loch Lomondthe highest mountain – Ben Nevis in Highlands (Scotland) PEOPLE certain characteristics typical for the British: the traditional British breakfast a nation of tea-drinkers driving on the left side own system of measurements: inch, foot, yard, mile, stone always punctual HISTORY