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6. Maturitní téma - New York, Washington D.C.

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NEW YORK

History:

  • 1624 - The Dutch founded New Amsterdam

  • 1664 - The British took over the area -> New York

  • used to be a capital city of the USA for 2 years

  • 9.11.2001 - terrorist attacked the Twins

Geographic position: NY is located on the east coast, northeast of the USA.

Population: NY has 8 million inhabitants and because it´s a cosmopolitan multiculture city with many ethnic groups - Hispanic, African, Chinese, Jews, Puerto Ricans...

Subdivision: NY is divided into 5 borroughs -

  • Manhattan

  • Bronx

  • Brooklyn

  • Queens

  • Staten Island

Manhattan:

  • rich part/financial/economic/political...centre

  • 5 000 skyscrapers...NY is famous for its skyline

  • Harlen, Times Square, Wall Street, Carnegie Hall, Central Park, Empire State Building, Ground Zero, Rockefeller Centre

Bronx:

  • zoo/Yankee Stadium

  • residential area with some poor parts with high crime rates

  • hip-hop/rap

Brooklyn:

  • Brooklyn Bridge (Brooklyn - Manhattan)

  • residential area

Queens:

  • U. S. Open - Flushing Meadows

  • J. F. Kennedy Airport

WAHINGTON D. C.

Geographic position: Washington is located in the east, in the south of NY.

Population: 600 000 inhabitants

  • It´s one of the most beautiful cities in US.

  • It´s designes by a French architect.

  • There are no skyscrapers.

  • It´s named after George Washington the first US president.

Washington is the administrative/judical/legislative centre of the US:

  • The White House - the official seat of the President

  • The Capiton - the seat of the Congress

  • Departments, Ministries

  • Department of Detense is seated in the Pentagon

  • Supreme Court

Many galleries, museums and theatres:

  • Museum of African Art

  • National Air and Space Museum

  • (Henry) Ford´s Theatre

Memorials and monuments:

  • the Washington Monument (pencil - shaped resident)

  • Lincoln Memorial (classic Greek style)

  • Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Places of interest of NY and Washington:

  • Empire State Building

    • Empire State Building is a 102 story building built in Art Deco style, located in New York in the USA
      at the junction of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. It is an essential part of the city, like the Eiffel Tower is to Paris. Empire State Building is one of the most popular outdoor prospects in the world, ESB offers a view of all of New York, New Jersey and other cities. It was visited by more than
      110 million people.

  • Brooklyn Bridge

    • The Brooklyn Bridge is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States. The Bridge was completed in 1883. The bridge connects Manhattan with Brooklyn. The bridge has a length of 1825 meters. Under the bridge flows the East River. Since 1964 it's one of the national historical monuments.

  • Lincoln Memorial

    • The Lincoln Memorial is an American memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.. It is one of several monuments built to honor an American president. It´s built in a Greek Doric style. The memorial has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream". It is open for the public 24 hours a day.

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