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6. Maturitní téma - New York, Washington D.C.

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NEW YORK History: 1624 - The Dutch founded New Amsterdam1664- The British took over the area -> New Yorkused to be a capital city of the USA for 2 years9.11.2001 - terrorist attacked the Twins Geographic position: NY is located on the east coast, northeast of the USA. Population: NY has 8 million inhabitants and because it´s a cosmopolitan multiculture city with many ethnic groups - Hispanic, African, Chinese, Jews, Puerto Ricans... Subdivision: NY is divided into 5 borroughs - ManhattanBronxBrooklynQueensStaten Island Manhattan: rich part/financial/economic/political...centre5 000 skyscrapers...NY is famous for its skylineHarlen, Times Square, Wall Street, Carnegie Hall, Central Park, Empire State Building, Ground Zero, Rockefeller Centre Bronx: zoo/Yankee Stadiumresidential area with some poor parts with high crime rateship-hop/rap Brooklyn: Brooklyn Bridge (Brooklyn - Manhattan)residential area Queens: U. S. Open - Flushing MeadowsJ. F. Kennedy Airport WAHINGTON D. C. Geographic position: Washington is located in the east, in the south of NY. Population: 600 000 inhabitants It´s one of the most beautiful cities in US.It´s designes by a French architect.There are no skyscrapers.It´s named after George Washington the first US president. Washington is the administrative/judical/legislative centre of the US: The White House - the official seat of the PresidentThe Capiton - the seat of the CongressDepartments, MinistriesDepartment of Detense is seated inthe PentagonSupreme Court Many galleries, museums and theatres: Museum of African ArtNational Air and Space Museum(Henry) Ford´s Theatre Memorials and monuments: the Washington Monument (pencil - shaped resident)Lincoln Memorial (classic Greek style)Vietnam Veterans Memorial Places of interest of NY and Washington: Empire State Building 110 million people.Brooklyn Bridge The Brooklyn Bridge is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States. The Bridge was completed in 1883. The bridge connects Manhattan with Brooklyn. The bridge has a length of 1825 meters. Under the bridge flows the East River. Since 1964 it's one of the national historical monuments.Lincoln Memorial The Lincoln Memorial is an American memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.. It is one of several monuments built to honor an American president. It´s built in a Greek Doric style. The memorial has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream". It is open for the public 24 hours a day.

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