7) Geography of the USA
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7. Geography of the USA (no thi just d USA) 50 states o (48 + 2 = Hawaii (over 3.200 km away) and Alaska) Flag o 13 stripes (7 red + 6 white) the first states o 50 stars (one star for each state nowadays) 4 th largest country (after Russia, Canada, China) capital city = Washington D.C. (district of Colombia) X Washington NW 300 million people o 9.5 million km 2 original inhabitants o native americans (Indians) o over 100 ethnic groups USA is sometimes called as melting pot (old = because they don´t melt today => they mix = delicious food) x salad bowl SURFACE highest mountain = mount McKinley 6194 m.a.s.l. (Alaska) lowest = Death Valley -86 meters above the sea level Appalachian Mountains = East Mississippi Basin (3 rd biggest river in the world) Around half of the USA is made by the Cordilleras in the west. They consist of several parts: o Rocky Mountains – reach over 4000m o Colorado Plateau – Grand Canyon o Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada – the highest peak of the continental USA Mt. Whitney (although the highest peak of USA is in Alaska – Mt. McKinley) Coast Range WATER Lakes o Great Lakes (border with Canada) Lake Superior – 2nd largest in the world (after The Caspian Sea) Connected with river Hudson USA shares lakes as Huron, Erie and Ontario with Canada there is also another large lake in this region - Lake Michigan The Great Lakes Region is the biggest reservoir of fresh water in the world The Niagara River connects Lake Eire and Lake Ontario forming the world- famous Niagara Falls Niagara Falls 50 meters high USA has 1/3rd Rivers o The Mississippi river (the largest) o The Missouri o The Colorado o The Rio Brande o The Hudson (New York) Borders o Canada o Mexico o East Atlantic Ocean o West Pacific Ocean National Parks o Yellowstone (Wyoming) o Grand Canyon (Arizona) o Everglades (Florida) o Rocky Mountains WEATHER and CLIMATE nearly everything o Alaska – arctic o Florida – subtropical = wet o California – temperate = dry CITIES Miami New York City San Francisco Los Angeles Detroit Dallas Chicago Philadelphia Houston Hollywood OTHERS Economy o rich resources o good education o industry high level