History of english language
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Lamb guts Brew up = to make a cup of tea HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE - 2 000 years ago –old Britanniclanguage (form of Celtic language) - Ireland –Gaelic - different small kingdoms -Pictish(similar to old britanic) - none of them knew the word celtic - we don’t know if these people were natural habitants - 7th bc bronze age Britain, technology – must been immigration of people - 2300 Stone hadge - maybe they adopted Celtic culture - next arrivesRomans - Romanic celts (ale nebyli celtic) –latinxold britanic - 410 – wrote things down, odesli - abandonedBritain – their empire is collapsing, falling and splitting - Celtic kmeny bojují o moc - power vacuum - infighting between tribes - invaded -Anglos, Saxons, Juts - different dialects of old Germanic - original Roman and Celtic cultures pushed to mountains - Irish are separated, keeping written history - English can’t write, not educated - did Romans leave any trace of English language? - architecture, names of towns – ester (=army camp) - sester (=city, town) - old (=bigger settlement) - Old Britannic – dialects words, place names - origin of name Britain - romans – Greek culture, sailor Paifius – provides first written evidence of Britain - place called Pritain - floating islands, ice cubs - main islends – Britan, Britain – Pridain – welsch world for land - Themes, London – Celtic words - first century 60 AD – Romans - pushing out origin inhabitants - mountainous places - speaking different dialects of old German – become English - English peoples - Angleland – Angles gave the name to the land - Catholic mission to spread word of God,they become Christian - Northern Ireland – Irish spread Christianity - 6th century – The Irish, missionaries from Rome - effect of Christianization:literacy – read the Bible - adoption oflatin alphabet → literacy → English written language - before they wrote Runs, straight lines, symbols, wasn’t sophisticated, didn’t have paper - affected by Latin, new vocabulary – 400 new words. more sophisticated, less fundamental - unification on English - Early English writers: -Bede – idea of English-speaking peoples (670s-735) - various nations with the same language - establishes English history - The Lord’s Prayer - 150 years after Bead - old English had pády - in the end vymizelo ale strict word order Vikings - arriving from 790s – 830s - English people paying taxes - York – capital, Yorkshire,Old Norse – 1500-2000 words - fundamental words – window, sky - why these words from Vikings who are invading - die, give, take - reminder: Vikings poetry, grammar