The United States of America
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5. The United States of America 1) How many states are there in the USA? USA is a federation of 50 states. Forty-eight of them are situated in the southern part of North America (jižní část Severní Ameriky) Alaska is in the northwest. Hawai is an island in the Pacific ocean. 2) How large is the area of the USA? The USA covers an area of about 9.5 milion square kilometres It is nearly the same as all of Europe. It covers more than one third of North America. It is the fourth largest country in the world after Russia,Canada and China. 3) Which are the neighbouring states of the USA? The northern neighbour of the USA is Canada. (severní) To the west of Alaska there is Russia. (západ) To the south of the USA lies Mexico. (jih) 4) Who discovered America and when? America was discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. He was a businessman and he wanted to find a shorter way to India. 5) When was the War of Independence? The war began in 1775. The British government levied new taxes. (vláda vybírala nové daně) The first conflict out broked when the British soldiers came to Boston in 1773. Colonists dressed as indians threw all the British tea into Boston Harbour. (kolonisté oblečení jako indiáni hodili veškerý britský čaj do přístavu v Bostonu) The colonist were led by Thomas Jefferson. (byli vedení) 4 th July 1776 the agreed on the Declaration of indepence (dohodnuté) Americans celebrate this day as Day of Indepence This war lasted till 1783. 6) How large is the population of the USA and what nationalities does it consist of? Population is about 250 milion people 79% are white. 12% are black. And the rest are Asians,Pacific islanders,Indian and Eskimos. Nearly 80% of all inhabitants live in urban areas. (obyvatel) The official language of USA is American English. There are also many ethnic minitories which speak dialects or their native languages,such as Chinese or Spanish. 7) Which are the main mountain ranges and which is the highest mountain? There are Rocky Mountains,Sierra Nevada, Cascades in the west. Appalachian Mountains in the east. The highest mountain in the USA is Mount Mckinley in Alaska which is 6194 meters high. 8) Where are the main plains? The USA extends from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east. (USA se rozprostírají od Tichého oceánu na západě až po Atlantický oceán na východě) Lakes are: Ontario,Superior,Erie,Huron and Michigan Between the lakes Ontario and Erie there are the Niagara Falls. 9) Which are the largest rivers? The largest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri. 10) What is the climate like? The climate varies from hot dry desert in the southwest to subtropical Hawaii to cold tundra in Alaska. (jihozápadní) 11) Which are the main industries in the economy of the USA? The USA has one of the richest economies in the world. Branches of industry are: manufacturing,steel,automobiles,machinery,clothing and electronics. (odvětví průmyslu) The main agricultular products are corn, fruits and vegetables,cotton and tobacco. The USA is rich in coal,gold,copper and iron. 12) What kind of government is there? The main governing body is called the Congress. (hlavní řídící orgán je nazýván kongresem) The Congress is divided into two parts-The House of Representatives and the Senate. The Senate has 100 members. Two members from each state,who serve for six years. (Dva členové z každého státu, kteří slouží šest let.) The President are elected every four years. There are two main political parties in the USA: The Democratic Party and the Republican Party The capital of the USA is Washington D.C.