Unit 4 KEY
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1 Unit 4 - KEY PERSONALITY TYPES MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES PERSONALITY TYPES VOCABULARY: Personality adjectives 1 Match the adjectives describing skil s and personal characteristics to the definitions. If you are you are able to…. 1 analytical be practical and have good judgement 4 2 self-sufficient plan things carefully and keep things tidy 3 3 organised have the necessary knowledge to use computers 5 4 sensible do things for yourself without the help of others 2 5 computer literate examine things very carefully and logically 1 6 efficient do basic mathematics 7 7 numerate work quickly and effectively 6 2 Match these job skills with the correct verb or phrase below: be a... have good.. skills have . . be able to .. Be a team/worker/player Have common sense Be a logical thinker Have good attention to detail Have a sense of humour Have problem-solving skil s Be able to work on your own initiative Be able to think on your feet Have good writing skil s Have an outgoing personality Be able to meet deadlines Be able to work well under pressure Have good decision-making skil s (Based on Lifestyle Intermediate, 4B Pearson Longman 2010) 3 Fill the gaps in a-d by using each word or phrase in the box once only. ability command skil talent skil (at/in) - an ability to do an activity or job wel , especial y because you have practised it command (of) - a great knowledge of a subject and an ability to use that knowledge ability (to do sth.) - the physical or mental power or skil needed to do something talent (for) - a natural ability to be good at something, especially without being taught a Speaking a language is __skil ___, like playing football – the more you practise, the better you become. b That student has a good ____command________ of written German. c People who live in the jungle have the _____ability______ to understand animal calls. d Her writing shows great ____talent_________- I think she’l be a famous poet when she grows up. 2 Word formation 3 Read the text below and use the words in brackets to form a word that fits in the gap. PERSONALITY TYPES It is often said that no two people are exactly alike, but according to one ___psychological____ (PSYCHOLOGY) theory, we all share one of sixteen distinct personality types, which are formed by dif erent _combinations______ (COMBINE) of personality traits. ___Comparisons________ (COMPARE) can be made between personality and left- or right-handedness. Most people are born with a __preference_______ (PREFER) for one hand, and all of us are born with a personality type. Experts say that we _typically_______ (TYPICAL) develop our personality type through the course of our lives in ___response___ (RESPOND) to our _surroundings_______ (SURROUND) and experiences – school or work, for example. However, psychologists __emphasise_____ (EMPHASIS) that personality type does not explain everything about us and that the ____behaviour_____ (BEHAVE) of people with the same personality type is often __different_____ (DIFFER). They also stress that no personality type is better than another. (Thomas B., Thomas A.: Complete First Certificate. Workbook with answers. CUP 2008.) Listening 4 Listen to two people discussing an article about personality types. Tick A, B, or C. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Uv5OaqKh50 1 The two speakers agree that A the man doesn’t react well to pressure. B other people like the man’s attitude and behavior. C the man should not consider himself a ‘go-getter’. 2 The man doesn’t agree that he A is good at organizing other people. B makes too little effort. C annoys other people. 3 What do the two speakers agree on the subject of discussions? A The man often changes his view during them. B The man always wants to make other people to agree with him. C The man likes it when other people disagree with him. 4 The woman agrees that she A is regarded as an unreliable by many people. B has a relaxed attitude to life. C frequently changes her plans. 5 The man says that one of the characteristics of ‘performers’ is that they A think too much about criticism. B expect too much of other people. C are too loyal to other people. SPEAKING 4 In pairs, interview each other using the following questions. 1 Can you describe yourself in three words? 3 What is your biggest weakness? 2 What are your best skil s? 3 INTELLIGENCE , MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES READING 5 Read the following text. The Mind Machine? Although intelligence has been studied, and the brain has been studied, there is lit le understanding of how the brain works to produce intelligence. This has something to do with the fact that the brain contains around 100 billion cells (about the number of stars in the Milky Way). One of the continuing myths about the relationship between intelligence and the brain is that the brains of very clever people are somehow physically dif erent from those of ordinary people. At the beginning of the century an American scientist called E. A. Spitzka produced a list of the weights of the brains of important, well-known men. The heaviest brain on the list was that of Turgenev, the Russian novelist, at 2000g. However, the brain of another great genius, Walt Whitman, weighed only 1282g. There are no significant differences between the intelligence levels of males and females. However, girls under seven score a lit le higher than boys in IQ tests and the highest IQ recorded is that of Marylyn vos Savant at 230. However, men and women do differ in the way they think. Generally women are more skilled verbally and men do bet er on visual-spatial tasks. Interestingly, the fibres which join the two halves of the brain have been found to be larger in women than in men. This supports the theory that women can change from ‘practical’ to ‘emotional’ thinking more quickly than men. The brain needs ten times as much blood as other organs of the body, as it can’t store glucose for later use. This is different to muscles and other organs and although the adult brain makes up only tw