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15 - William Shakespeare

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15. Wil iam Shakespeare − Wil iam Shakespeare probably the greatest dramatist of England − He lived and worked in the 16th century in the period of the Renaissance − He was born on 23 April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon − He was the youngest son of a glove maker John and his wife Mary − He had one sister and one brother − He attended the local Grammar school − When he was eighteen he married Anne Hathaway who was 8 years older − They had two daughters – Susan and Judith and a son Hamnet − Shakespeare’s life in London can be traced from 1592 onwards, first as an actor, then as a reviser and writer of plays − When Shakespeare was working in London, he did not leave his family for good − He died on the same day as he was born (in 1616) − First Shakespeare helped adapt or re-write older plays but later he started to write his own plays and he was very successful − Shakespeare wrote: 37 plays and beautiful sonnets, comedies, history plays and tragedies: • Comedies: Comedy of Errors, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream, Much Ado about Nothing, As you like it e.g. • History plays: Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI, Richard III, Julius Caesar • Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet, King Lear, Othel o − Shakespeare performed for Queen Elizabeth I and James I, who both loved theatre − Shakespeare left a will giving al his property to his eldest daughter Susanna and his ´second best bed´ to his wife − He was one of the builders of The Globe theatre, It was open to the sky and its owners, including Shakespeare, shared its profits − One day, during a performance off Henry VIII was the Globe destroyed by fire − A Shakespeare Festival is held every summer in Stratford − It is also important to remind that in Shakespeare’s time here were no actresses and also women’s roles were played by men and one actor played more roles than one

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