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Education

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is the 2nd oldest existing university in Europe and has many famous graduates including the current British Prime Minister David Cameron, Stephen Hawking and Hugh Grant. Yale University, which is relatively small and the admissions are very selective, has the most prestigious School of Law in the world. ...is 4th oldest existing university in the world and one of the most prestigious universities in England with almost 20 000 students. ...is a public university famed for its education in Computer Sciences. Today, it has almost 40 000 students. PRESCHOOLS W e can talk about some of the most prestig ious universities in the w orld. Education PRIMARY SCHOOLS The Czech educations system has the same structure as other education systems - it contains preschools, primary education, secondary education and higher education. The education system in the United Kingdom is very different. The education system in the USA also has many differences compared with the Czech or British systems. SECONDARY EDUCATION UN I VERSI TI ES Primary or elementary schools in the Czech Republic are free and compulsory for all children from the age of 6 to the age of 15. There are 9 grades, further divided into 1st and 2nd stage. Some pupils don't pass to the next grade, so they have to repeat the whole year again. At the 1st stage, children are taught by only one teacher for all subjects (except foreign language in which native speakers are hired by some schools). Sending small American children between 3 and 5 years old to preschool is optional. However, American preschools are not the same as our preschools or kindergartens. Kindergartens are a part of elementary school and are compulsory for 5 to 6 year-old children. Primary education in the United Kingdom is compulsory for children from the age of 5. They attend primary school, sometimes called elementary school which are state-funded and without any pay tuition fees. Some children go to independents schools which are privately-owned and charged. Independent schools for children between 8-13 years old are called 'prep schools' (preparatory schools). Unlike in the British and Czech system, kindergarten is a part of elementary school which also comprises another 4 years of study. Students in the United Kingdom usually start secondary school at the age of 11. There are many types of secondary (high) schools including comprehensive schools and grammar schools, which are free of charge. The independents schools in secondary education are called 'public schools' - they are charge and are selective in which students they take. Secondary education in the United States is mostly provided by high schools. These are the last 4 years of compulsory education. Like in the United Kingdom, there are tuition fees for most American universities. At the most prestigious ones like Yale, Princeton or Harvard, the fees may reach tens of thousands of dollars per year. The tuition fees have been rising in recent years so more and more students have to take student loans. Harvard University Yale University MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) The University of Berkeley, California The University of Bologna The University of Cambridge Charles University Today, the Czech education system has to deal with a lot of problems. Despite knowing that the USA have the largest number of prestigious universities, European count ries such as Italy, England or Germany have a much longe r tradition in higher education, beginning in the Middl e Ages. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is probably the most prestigious university in the technological industry, best known for its research and high-quality education in the engineering and physical sciences. Historically, there have been some exceptional people who influenced the education systems in many countries around the world. In the USA, there is the highest number of the most prestigious universities, mostly located on the east or the west coasts, where the largest American cities are situated. There are also a large number of private kindergartens that solve the problem of the lack of public (free) institutions. Most of the public kindergartens quickly fill their capacity so it's very difficult to place children there. Parents are often forced to place their children in a private kindergarten because they have to go to work so they don't have enough time to take care of them. One of the world's most influential educators and pedagogues was John Amos Comenius, the 17th-century Czech teacher and author of many educational and theological works. Probably his most famous book focused on education is called "Didactica Magna". He also spent many years in the Netherlands and Sweden where he promoted his educational system - universal education - and advised the monarchs in the education area. In preschools, children learn primarily the most basic skills like reading, writing and basic counting. They also play indoor and outdoor activities and games and go on trips and excursions to interesting places. ...is the oldest university in Europe. It was established in 1088 (in the 11th century) and became one of the most prestigious colleges on the continent. The biggest problem is the lack of money, so the teachers' salaries remain relatively low. Consequently, the quality of the Czech education system is bad compared to the education system in foreign countries. Another issue frequently mentioned in the newspapers is student's behaviour to the teachers. There is an increasing number of violent attacks on teachers which makes the profession even more difficult. ...is the most prestigious Czech college founded by Charles IV. in the 14th century. It has about 50 000 students who can study various subjects including medicine, mathematics and physics, sport, arts, engineering and technology, psychology, theology, economics and law. In most primary schools, pupils learn the basics of mathematics, physics, Czech, history, geography and other subjects. A

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